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Spatial Patterns of Sanitation in Rural Vietnam: An Application of Small Area Estimation


  • Nguyen, Cuong


Diarrhea is one of the main causes for mortality of under-five children (Boschi-Pinto et al., 2008), and this disease can be attributed to deficient hygiene, sanitation and water supply (Bartram and Cairncross, 2010). Information on spatial patterns of sanitation is very important for sanitation support programs. In this study, we estimate and construct spatial maps of the proportion of households using sanitary latrines in rural Vietnam using a small area estimation method. It shows that there is a great spatial variation in the sanitary latrine rate. Within the same rural districts, the proportion of households using sanitary latrines varies largely across communes.

Suggested Citation

  • Nguyen, Cuong, 2017. "Spatial Patterns of Sanitation in Rural Vietnam: An Application of Small Area Estimation," MPRA Paper 85704, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:85704

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Chris Elbers & Jean O. Lanjouw & Peter Lanjouw, 2003. "Micro--Level Estimation of Poverty and Inequality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(1), pages 355-364, January.
    2. Tho Duc Bui & Cuong Viet Nguyen, 2017. "Spatial Poverty Reduction in Vietnam: An Application of Small Area Estimation," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 37(3), pages 1785-1796.
    3. Nguyen Viet Cuong, 2012. "A Method to Update Poverty Maps," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(12), pages 1844-1863, December.
    4. Peter Lanjouw & Marleen Marra & Cuong Nguyen, 2017. "Vietnam’s Evolving Poverty Index Map: Patterns and Implications for Policy," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 133(1), pages 93-118, August.
    5. Elbers, Chris & Fujii, Tomoki & Lanjouw, Peter & Ozler, Berk & Yin, Wesley, 2007. "Poverty alleviation through geographic targeting: How much does disaggregation help?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(1), pages 198-213, May.
    6. Tara Bedi & Aline Coudouel & Kenneth Simler, 2007. "More Than a Pretty Picture : Using Poverty Maps to Design Better Policies and Interventions," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6800.
    7. Lanjouw, Peter & Marra, Marleen & Nguyen, Cuong, 2013. "Vietnam's evolving poverty map : patterns and implications for policy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6355, The World Bank.
    8. Jamie Bartram & Sandy Cairncross, 2010. "Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water: Forgotten Foundations of Health," Working Papers id:3325, eSocialSciences.
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    More about this item


    Sanitary latrine; poverty mapping; small area estimation; Vietnam;

    JEL classification:

    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development

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