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Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water: Forgotten Foundations of Health


  • Jamie Bartram
  • Sandy Cairncross



Health evidence confirms that the burden of disease associated with inadequate Hygience, Sanitation, Water (HSW) is overwhelmingly (although not exclusively) carried by the poor and disadvantaged in the developing world and is a major contributor to the cycle of poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Jamie Bartram & Sandy Cairncross, 2010. "Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water: Forgotten Foundations of Health," Working Papers id:3325, eSocialSciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:3325
    Note: Institutional Papers

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    Cited by:

    1. Nolan, Laura B. & Bloom, David E. & Subbaraman, Ramnath, 2017. "Legal Status and Deprivation in India's Urban Slums: An Analysis of Two Decades of National Sample Survey Data," IZA Discussion Papers 10639, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Sifat Rabbi & Nepal C Dey, 2013. "Exploring the gap between hand washing knowledge and practices in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional comparative study," Working Papers id:5257, eSocialSciences.
    3. Nepal C Dey, 2015. "Achievements of BRAC Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Programme Towards Millennium Development Goals and Beyond," Working Papers id:7608, eSocialSciences.
    4. McMichael, Celia & Robinson, Priscilla, 2016. "Drivers of sustained hygiene behaviour change: A case study from mid-western Nepal," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 163(C), pages 28-36.
    5. repec:spr:ijphth:v:62:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s00038-016-0877-x is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    HSW; population; health; sanitation; water; developing world; poverty; burden of disease; poor; health;

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