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Неоклассическая Экономическая Теория И Экономическая Действительность
[Neoclassical Economic Theory and Economic Reality]

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  • Bukvić, Rajko

Abstract

Paper considers the presumptions of dominant, neoclassical economic theory. On one side, there are the presumptions on rational individuum (homo oeconomicus), separated from the social world, that trends to maximize self utility, with the relations with other acteurs established through market: “hypothesis of nomenclature”, postulat of stable order of preferences and independent from others individual, and “the principle of the decreasing marginal utility”. This approach beliefs in ability of the market to self-regulation through flexibility of prices. On the other side, the neoclassical economics, with presumptions of the same value and significance of all economic activities, and borderless power of selfregulated market, not have possibilities and force to explain factors of economic development, genesis and widening of poverty, as in one separate country as in international relations. As new paradigm, that should to change neoclassical, it is emphasized Other canon, that is on many centuries tradition and biological metaphors grounded. Contrary to neoclassical policies, realized in (neo)liberal politics of Washington consensus, that lead to deindustrialization, policies of the Other canon, on policies like Marshall plan grounded, lead contrary to industrialization as the condition to leave the underdeveloped countries from crisis and poverty. В работе анализируются предпосылки, на которых основана господствующая неоклассическая экономическая теория. С обной стороны, это предпосылки рационального индивида (homo oeconomicus), отделенного от внешнего, социального мира, который стремится к максимализации своей полезности, вступая в отношения с другими экономическими акторами при посредстве рынка: «гипотеза номенклатуры», постулат стабильного и независимого от других индивидов порядка преференций, и «принцип падающей предельной полезности». Этот подход основан на вере в способность рынка к саморегуляции посредством флексибильности цен. С другой стороны, выясняется, что неоклассическая экономика, с предпосылками равной ценности и значения всех видов деятельности, и всесилия саморегулируемого рынка, не имеет возможности и сил объяснить факторы экономического развития, появления и распространения бедности – как в одной отдельно взятой стране, так и в международных отношениях. Как новая парадигма, способная заменить неоклассическую, в этом смысле выделяется Другой канон, который основывается на многовековой традиции и биологических метафорах. В отличие от неоклассических политик, воплощенных в (нео)либеральной политике Вашингтонского договора, которые приводят к деиндустриализации, политики Другого канона, основанные на политиках образца плана Маршалла, приводят, наоборот, к индустриализации как предпосылки выхода неразвитых стран из кризиса и бедности.

Suggested Citation

  • Bukvić, Rajko, 2015. "Неоклассическая Экономическая Теория И Экономическая Действительность [Neoclassical Economic Theory and Economic Reality]," MPRA Paper 70769, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:70769
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    neoclassical economy; Other canon; neo-liberalism; Washington consensus; Marshall plan неоклассическая экономика; Другой канон; неолиберализм; Вашингтонский консенсус; план Маршалла;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E01 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Measurement and Data on National Income and Product Accounts and Wealth; Environmental Accounts
    • E13 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Neoclassical
    • F60 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - General
    • N14 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: 1913-
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • P27 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Performance and Prospects

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