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Productivity and business performance: apprasail of SME in Côte d’Ivoire


  • KOUADIO, Hugues


This paper proposes a nonparametric analysis of the performance of companies in Côte d’Ivoire. The study focuses, initially, on the determination of technical efficiency scores using the Data Envelopment Analysis method (DEA), and econometric modeling the type tobit to determine the factors associated with technical efficiency companies. Our results do not support the conclusion of the technical efficiency of enterprises. Only 12 companies of 727 or 1.67% of our sample companies have reached their production frontier. Among the explanations of business productivity business characteristics (size, nature of business), financial factors (debt burden) and environmental factors (labor movement, strikes and social unrest) predict the level of productivity of firms.

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  • KOUADIO, Hugues, 2016. "Productivity and business performance: apprasail of SME in Côte d’Ivoire," MPRA Paper 69936, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:69936

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
    2. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Golany, B. & Seiford, L. & Stutz, J., 1985. "Foundations of data envelopment analysis for Pareto-Koopmans efficient empirical production functions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1-2), pages 91-107.
    3. R. D. Banker & A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper, 1984. "Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(9), pages 1078-1092, September.
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    More about this item


    Enterprize; Productivity; performance; DEA; nonparametric;

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements

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