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The Pessimism Factor: SEC EDGAR Form 10-K Textual Analysis and Stock Returns

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  • Chouliaras, Andreas

Abstract

I perform textual analysis on 20,000 annual SEC 10-K Forms, for NYSE, NASDAQ and AMEX stocks, from 1992 until 2015. The textual analysis negative (pessimism) percentage per se, as used in the previous literature, is not a significant determinant of future stock returns. But, monthly portfolios based on the product of annual pessimism change and the previous period returns generate returns in excess of previous winners/losers. Nine months after the filing, the difference is higher than 5%, while it surpasses 7% twelve months after the filing. Negative (positive) previous returns along with positive pessimism changes lead to positive (negative) returns.

Suggested Citation

  • Chouliaras, Andreas, 2015. "The Pessimism Factor: SEC EDGAR Form 10-K Textual Analysis and Stock Returns," MPRA Paper 65585, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:65585
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Chouliaras, Andreas, 2015. "Institutional Investors, Annual Reports, Textual Analysis and Stock Returns: Evidence from SEC EDGAR 10-K and 13-F Forms," MPRA Paper 65875, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Chouliaras, Andreas, 2016. "The Effect of Infomation on Financial Markets: A Survey," MPRA Paper 71396, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    SEC Form 10-K; Textual Analysis; Financial Sentiment; NYSE; NASDAQ; AMEX (NYSE MKT);

    JEL classification:

    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading

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