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Determinants of the Percent of the Population Enrolled in HMOs


  • Alexander, Gigi
  • Cebula, Richard
  • Saadatmand, Yassamand


This study seeks to identify key determinants of the percent of the population enrolled in HMOs. The HMO enrollment rate is an increasing function of the unionization rate and female labor force participation rate, while being a decreasing function of the poverty rate, the unemployment rate, and the percent of the population filing a schedule C on their federal income tax returns.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexander, Gigi & Cebula, Richard & Saadatmand, Yassamand, 2005. "Determinants of the Percent of the Population Enrolled in HMOs," MPRA Paper 51268, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:51268

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. David M. Cutler, 1994. "A Guide to Health Care Reform," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 8(3), pages 13-29, Summer.
    2. Harris, Katherine M. & Keane, Michael P., 1998. "A model of health plan choice:: Inferring preferences and perceptions from a combination of revealed preference and attitudinal data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 89(1-2), pages 131-157, November.
    3. David M. Cutler & Jonathan Gruber, 1996. "Does Public Insurance Crowd out Private Insurance?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 111(2), pages 391-430.
    4. Norman Thurston, 1999. "On the decline of employment-based health insurance in the US," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(10), pages 683-686.
    5. Kevin Frick & Anthony Bopp, 2005. "Poverty: Insurance Theory and the Medically Uninsured," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 33(4), pages 451-459, December.
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    More about this item


    health insurance; poverty; unionization; unemployment; female labor force participation;

    JEL classification:

    • I13 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Insurance, Public and Private
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination


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