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The Attenuation of Idiosyncratic Risk under Alternative Portfolio Weighting Strategies: Recent Evidence from the UK Equity Market

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  • Chia, Rui Ming Daryl
  • Lim, Kai Jie Shawn

Abstract

In this study, we investigate the attenuation of idiosyncratic risk and corresponding benefits of diversification for equally weighted and market capitalisation weighted portfolios in the UK Equity Market over 2002 - 2012. We analyse the absolute benefits of risk reduction by testing the homogeneity of variances of portfolios of different sizes using Levene's Test. Next, we perform a cost-benefit analysis to determine the return benefit of diversification from a practical perspective. We find that the absolute benefits of diversification for an equally weighted portfolio are greater in the 'crisis' than 'pre-crisis' period, but when we analyse the results from a practical perspective the benefits fall dramatically and the results are reversed. When comparing the benefits of market capitalisation weighted and equally weighted portfolios, we note that the benefits of diversification tend to be greater for an equally weighted portfolio for small portfolios but that a crossover occurs as the size of the portfolio increases. The relative benefits of diversification under these different weighting strategies are thus highly dependent upon the state of the market and further study is needed to determine why the diversification benefits for the alternative weighting strategies decay at varying rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Chia, Rui Ming Daryl & Lim, Kai Jie Shawn, 2012. "The Attenuation of Idiosyncratic Risk under Alternative Portfolio Weighting Strategies: Recent Evidence from the UK Equity Market," MPRA Paper 41455, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:41455
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/41455/1/MPRA_paper_41455.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ron Bird & Mark Tippett, 1986. "Note---Naive Diversification and Portfolio Risk---A Note," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 32(2), pages 244-251, February.
    2. Hjalmarsson, Erik & Manchev, Petar, 2012. "Characteristic-based mean-variance portfolio choice," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 1392-1401.
    3. Abhyankar, Abhay & Ho, Keng-Yu, 2007. "Long-horizon event studies and event firm portfolio weights: Evidence from U.K. rights issues re-visited," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 61-80.
    4. Elton, Edwin J & Gruber, Martin J, 1977. "Risk Reduction and Portfolio Size: An Analytical Solution," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 50(4), pages 415-437, October.
    5. Statman, Meir, 1987. "How Many Stocks Make a Diversified Portfolio?," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 22(03), pages 353-363, September.
    6. Lim, Tjen-Sien & Loh, Wei-Yin, 1996. "A comparison of tests of equality of variances," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 287-301, July.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Portfolio diversification; idiosyncratic risk; index funds; weighting methodology;

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises

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