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Trade regimes, investment promotion and export prospects in the Western Balkans

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  • Mulaj, Isa

Abstract

Once regarded as a more prosperous part of socialist world, the region that was within the Yugoslav common market now excludes Slovenia and includes Albania to be renamed as the Western Balkans. After a decade of social unrest and civil wars of mainly ethnic character, it has yet to come up in terms of economic development that is behind some advanced transition economies, namely those in Visegrad countries. With the admission of Bulgaria and Romania in the European Union (EU) since 2007, the Western Balkans finds itself completely surrounded by the EU. Despite that political environment is still fragile, the progress in economic cooperation is gaining a momentum through bilateral free trade agreements which recently are superseded by a single common agreement – Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA), though the risk that the former to undermine the latter should not be underestimated. Whether current reforms are a process of push factors from inside – the necessity of small economies for greater cooperation, or encouraged as a prerequisite by the EU – regional economic integration facilitates the road to the EU accession and membership, they first of all are designed and initiated for sustainable development and better economic welfare. The aim of this paper is two fold: first, to investigate the prospect of trade regimes, investment promotion programs and export incentives; and second, to find out to what extent these reforms are contributing to economic integration and political stabilization of the Western Balkans.

Suggested Citation

  • Mulaj, Isa, 2009. "Trade regimes, investment promotion and export prospects in the Western Balkans," MPRA Paper 38143, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:38143
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/38143/1/MPRA_paper_38143.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. L. ALAN WINTERS & NEIL McCULLOCH & ANDREW McKAY, 2015. "Trade Liberalization and Poverty: The Evidence So Far," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Non-Tariff Barriers, Regionalism and Poverty Essays in Applied International Trade Analysis, chapter 14, pages 271-314 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. Milica Uvalic, 2006. "Trade in Southeast Europe : recent trends and some policy implications," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 3(2), pages 171-195, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Western Balkans; taxes; investment promotion agencies; export; economic cooperation; integration;

    JEL classification:

    • P33 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - International Trade, Finance, Investment, Relations, and Aid
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • P27 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Performance and Prospects

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