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Effectiveness of foreign aid in the light of millennium development goal on the education sector: a case study of Pakistan

Author

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  • Anwar, Mumtaz
  • Rashid, Muhammad Khalid

Abstract

Aid recipient developing countries have remained stagnant and they are becoming more aid dependent after receiving large amount of aid from developed countries. This reality provokes vigorous debate on the effectiveness of aid. This study analyzes the effectiveness of aid in the education sector of Pakistan during the period 1973-2008.This study focuses on the second Millennium Development goal, which attributes to achieve universal primary education. We estimate econometric model to test the short run and long run relationship between foreign aid and gross primary enrollment in the education sector of Pakistan. For this purpose, Augumented Dickey Fuller test, Johansen Likelihood Ratio test and Vector Error Correction Methods are used. The results show that foreign aid has significantly increased primary school enrollment in Pakistan. The results proved the short run as well as long run relationship between foreign aid and primary school enrollment.

Suggested Citation

  • Anwar, Mumtaz & Rashid, Muhammad Khalid, 2011. "Effectiveness of foreign aid in the light of millennium development goal on the education sector: a case study of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 37141, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:37141
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Axel Dreher & Peter Nunnenkamp & Rainer Thiele, 2008. "Does Aid for Education Educate Children? Evidence from Panel Data," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 22(2), pages 291-314, April.
    2. E. N. Appiah & W. W. McMahon, 2002. "The Social Outcomes of Education and Feedbacks on Growth in Africa," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(4), pages 27-68.
    3. Dickey, David A & Fuller, Wayne A, 1981. "Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-1072, June.
    4. Johansen, Soren & Juselius, Katarina, 1990. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration--With Applications to the Demand for Money," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(2), pages 169-210, May.
    5. Jan Pettersson, 2007. "Foreign sectoral aid fungibility, growth and poverty reduction," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(8), pages 1074-1098.
    6. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-437.
    7. Michaelowa, Katharina, 2004. "Aid Effectiveness Reconsidered: Panel Data Evidence for the Education Sector," HWWA Discussion Papers 264, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    8. McMahon, Walter W., 1998. "Education and Growth in East Asia," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 159-172, April.
    9. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Universal Primary Education; Millennium Development Goal; Foreign Aid;

    JEL classification:

    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education

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