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Cout prive de morbidite due a la pollution de l’air a Cotonou
[Private cost of morbidity due to air pollution in Contonou]


  • Avocè Viagannou, Fanougbo


Air pollution is an externality whose health costs are high. In our paper we have evaluated the private cost or cost of suffering due to morbidity associated with this pollution. The contingent valuation method (CVM) has allowed us to estimate the average monthly private cost of illness for a head of household on the basis of willingness to pay (WTP) of household heads for a halving of pollution air in the city of Cotonou. The analysis of WTP using a censored Tobit model with consideration of the endogeneity of the variable "income" has allowed us to derive the average WTP that represents the private cost whose value is estimated at 1.617 FCFA / month per adult.

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  • Avocè Viagannou, Fanougbo, 2011. "Cout prive de morbidite due a la pollution de l’air a Cotonou
    [Private cost of morbidity due to air pollution in Contonou]
    ," MPRA Paper 35115, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:35115

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Chanel, O. & Scapecchi, P. & Vergnaud, J.-C., 2000. "Pollution atmospherique et sante : evaluation monetaire et effets de long terme," Papiers d'Economie Mathématique et Applications 2000.101, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
    2. Muller, Nicholas Z. & Mendelsohn, Robert, 2007. "Measuring the damages of air pollution in the United States," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 1-14, July.
    3. Natacha Raffin, 2009. "Santé, qualité environnementale et développement économique," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 60(3), pages 831-841.
    4. Alberini, Anna & Cropper, Maureen & Fu, Tsu-Tan & Krupnick, Alan & Liu, Jin-Tan & Shaw, Daigee & Harrington, Winston, 1997. "Valuing Health Effects of Air Pollution in Developing Countries: The Case of Taiwan," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 107-126, October.
    5. Maddison, David, 2005. "Air pollution and hospital admissions: an ARMAX modelling approach," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 116-131, January.
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    More about this item


    Externalité; pollution de l’air; coût privé; consentement à payer; modèle Tobit censuré; évaluation contingente;

    JEL classification:

    • C24 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models; Threshold Regression Models
    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects
    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General

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