IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Estado e industrializacion: dos hipotesis y la evidencia sobre el Paraguay, 1852-1870
[State-led "industrialization": the evidence on Paraguay, 1852-1870]

Listed author(s):
  • Pastore, Mario H.

I confront here with the evidence the revisionist hipothesis that early in the second half of the nineteenth century, once the Parana River was opened to international navigation and trade by the new Argentine government, the foreign trade of Paraguay during the governments of Carlos Antonio Lopez and his son Francisco Solano increased noticeable relative to the level it had attained during the first half of the nineteenth century. Exports of yerba mate, which the Paraguayan government bought at monopsonist prices from individuals licensed to harvest it and sold in the market down river in competition with Brazilian suppliers. But though the evidence is consistent with the notion that the Paraguayan government invested part of the earnings that it obtained from its exports in improving its military forces and improving communications, no evidence exists of a state-led industrialization such as that which until now had been asserted to have taken place. Rather, the evidence suggest that the government's economic policy was similar to that followed by the late colonial period by the Bourbons. [Confronto aqui con la evidencia la hipótesis revisionista de que a principios de la segunda mitad del siglo diecinueve, abierto el rio Parana a la navegación internacional en 1852 por el nuevo gobierno argentino, el comercio exterior paraguayo durante los gobiernos paraguayos nacional tempranos de Carlos Antonio López y su hijo Francisco Solano aumentó notablemente en relación al nivel que había tenido durante la primera mitad del siglo diecinueve. Crecieron en particular las exportaciones de yerba mate, que el gobierno compraba a particulares a precios monopsónicos y revendía en el mercado río abajo en competencia con proveedores brasileros. Pero aunque la evidencia es consistente con la noción que el gobierno paraguayo invirtió parte de las ganancias que obtuvo de estas exportaciones en fortalecer su ejército y mejorar las comunicaciones, no existe evidencia de ninguna “industrialización liderada por el estado” como la que hasta ahora se había aseverado. Antes bien, la evidencia sugiere que política del gobierno era similar a la tardo colonial borbónica de fines del siglo dieciocho].

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
File Function: original version
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 27505.

in new window

Date of creation: 1993
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:27505
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Ludwigstraße 33, D-80539 Munich, Germany

Phone: +49-(0)89-2180-2459
Fax: +49-(0)89-2180-992459
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:27505. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.