Implementing VAT in India :Implications for Federal Polity
Over the last few years, many attempts have been made to implement VAT in India. Initially, all states were to move to VAT system by 2000, but administrative problems and concern over the revenue implications of the change delayed the scheduled implementation. It has been postponed for five times in past five years. In fact, introduction of a full fledged VAT in India seem to present numerous administrative and constitutional difficulties, including the vexed question of union-state relations. In addition to this, implementing VAT in India in context of economic reforms has paradoxical dimensions. On one hand economic reforms have led to more decentralization of expenditure responsibilities which in turn demands more decentralization of revenue raising powers if fiscal accountability is to be maintained. But on the other hand the process of implementation of VAT can lead not only to revenue loss for the states but can also steal away the states’ autonomy indicating more centralization. Thus the need is to develop such a ‘federal friendly model’ of VAT (along with a suitable compensation package) that can be implemented in India without compromising federal principles.
|Date of creation:||25 Jun 2004|
|Date of revision:||25 Feb 2005|
|Publication status:||Published in The Indian Journal of Political Science No (4).Vol (L(2005): pp. 915-934|
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- Shome, Parthasarathi & Spahn, Paul Bernd, 1996. "Brazil: Fiscal federalism and value added tax reform," Working Papers 96/11, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
- Richard Bird & Pierre Gendron, 1998. "Dual VATs and Cross-Border Trade: Two Problems, One Solution?," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 5(3), pages 429-442, July.
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