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Investment and growth in India under liberalization: Asymmetries and Instabilities

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  • Mazumdar, Surajit

Abstract

This paper makes the case that the growth trajectory of the Indian economy in the post-1991 liberalization period is characterised by an inherent source of instability in manufacturing and industrial growth that distinguishes this period from the 1980s. This instability is a result of an investment-growth asymmetry that flows from a combination of a services-intensive growth pattern and a manufacturing-intensive investment pattern. These in turn reflect the pattern of demand expansion within the domestic economy as well as in external markets and also the reliance on private corporate investment as the driver of the economy’s investment process. In such ircumstances, the maintaining of the balance between capacity creation and demand expansion in the manufacturing sector becomes impossible. Investment is thus prone to a high degree of instability, which through its effects on demand, also makes industrial growth highly unstable. The services-intensive growth trajectory after 1991 is, therefore, more correctly viewed as one which is unable to fully utilize the capital accumulation potential of the economy rather than as a trajectory cheap in the use of capital. Correcting this problem however requires measures that are inconsistent with a liberalized economic policy regime.

Suggested Citation

  • Mazumdar, Surajit, 2008. "Investment and growth in India under liberalization: Asymmetries and Instabilities," MPRA Paper 19629, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:19629
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/19629/1/MPRA_paper_19629.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jesus Felipe & Franklin M. Fisher, 2003. "Aggregation in Production Functions: What Applied Economists should Know," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(2-3), pages 208-262, May.
    2. Dani Rodrik & Arvind Subramanian, 2005. "From "Hindu Growth" to Productivity Surge: The Mystery of the Indian Growth Transition," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 52(2), pages 193-228, September.
    3. Arvind Virmani, 2004. "Sources of India's economic growth: trends in total factor productivity," Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi Working Papers 131, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi, India.
    4. Arvind Virmani, 2004. "India's economic growth: From socialist rate of growth to Bharatiya rate of growth," Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi Working Papers 122, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi, India.
    5. E. Abdul Azeez, 2002. "Economic reforms and industrial performance: An analysis of capacity utilisation in Indian manufacturing," Centre for Development Studies, Trivendrum Working Papers 334, Centre for Development Studies, Trivendrum, India.
    6. Dani Rodrik & Arvind Subramanian, 2004. "Why India Can Grow At 7 Percent a Year or More; Projections and Reflections," IMF Working Papers 04/118, International Monetary Fund.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mazumdar, Surajit, 2012. "The State, Capital and Development in ‘Emerging’ India," MPRA Paper 36413, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Mazumdar, Surajit, 2010. "On the Sustainability of India’s Non-Inclusive High Growth," MPRA Paper 28163, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Mazumdar, Surajit, 2011. "Continuity and Change in Indian Capitalism," MPRA Paper 38907, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Suranjana Nabar-Bhaduri & Matías Vernengo, 2012. "Service-led growth and the balance of payments constraint in India: An unsustainable strategy," Working Paper Series, Department of Economics, University of Utah 2012_06, University of Utah, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    investment; growth; India; liberalization;

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East

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