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A Long-Wave Pattern for Output and Employment in Pasinetti’s Model of Structural Change

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  • Reati, Angelo

Abstract

This paper introduces long waves into Pasinetti's model of structural change on the assumption that productivity growth is fundamentally driven by technological revolutions (radical process and product innovations). The argument is developed at the logical stage of the "natural" system, focussing the investigation at the sectoral level. Three general results should be mentioned: (i) the overwhelming importance of the pattern of diffusion of the technological revolution, which shapes the productivity curve of the sector; (ii) the pattern of demand which, for process innovations, results from an endogenous price and income mechanism set up by the technological revolution; (iii) the importance of price and income elasticities of demand, which can amplify or reduce the basic impetus coming from productivity. More specifically, the sectoral analysis for process innovations shows that physical output in the final sectors follows a long-wave (S-shaped) profile while, in the capital goods sectors, it shows a cyclical pattern around the long-wave path displayed by the corresponding final sector. The inter-sectoral diffusion of such innovations sets in motion a cumulative process of growth bringing the system out of the long stagnation. The employment outcome is complex. The clearest case is that of product innovations, which show a growing employment trend both at sectoral and global level. For process innovations the results are more uncertain; however, in the realistic case of pervasive radical technical change, the most likely outcome at the macroeconomic level is a stagnating or even declining long term trend for employment.

Suggested Citation

  • Reati, Angelo, 1998. "A Long-Wave Pattern for Output and Employment in Pasinetti’s Model of Structural Change," MPRA Paper 1663, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:1663
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/1663/1/MPRA_paper_1663.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Dosi, Giovanni, 1988. "Sources, Procedures, and Microeconomic Effects of Innovation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(3), pages 1120-1171, September.
    2. Pasinetti, Luigi L, 1988. "Growing Subsystems, Vertically Hyper-integrated Sectors and the Labour Theory of Value," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(1), pages 125-134, March.
    3. Reati, Angelo, 1998. "Technological revolutions in Pasinetti's model of structural change: productivity and prices," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 245-262, June.
    4. Kleinknecht, Alfred, 1990. "Are There Schumpeterian Waves of Innovations?," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(1), pages 81-92, March.
    5. Josef Falkinger, 1987. "Technological Unemployment: A Note on Pasinetti," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(1), pages 37-43, September.
    6. Falkinger, Josef, 1994. "An Engelian model of growth and innovation with hierarchic consumer demand and unequal incomes," Ricerche Economiche, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 123-139, June.
    7. Gort, Michael & Klepper, Steven, 1982. "Time Paths in the Diffusion of Product Innovations," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 92(367), pages 630-653, September.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Fusari, Angelo, 2014. "An Explanation of Economic Change and Development," MPRA Paper 60042, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2014.
    2. Fusari, Angelo & Reati, Angelo, 2013. "Endogenizing technical change: Uncertainty, profits, entrepreneurship. A long-term view of sectoral dynamics," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 76-100.
    3. Angelo Reati & Jan Toporowski, 2009. "An economic policy for the fifth long wave," PSL Quarterly Review, Economia civile, vol. 62(248-251), pages 143-186.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    structural change; multi-sectoral models;

    JEL classification:

    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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