IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Quantifying Economic Reforms in India: Where Have We Been and What Lies Ahead, 1960 - 2006


  • Vadlamannati, Krishna Chaitanya


We attempt to quantify economic reforms process in India during the period 1960 – 2006 in seven key areas viz., international finance, domestic finance, fiscal, trade and commerce, business regulations, public sector and social sector. Apart from aggregate measure of economic reforms, we also present the reforms index in these seven areas for the period 1960 – 2006. We begin with the methodology adopted to construct these indices and review the history of reforms process in India in general and in seven sectors from 1960 to 2006. We then present some important stylized facts on reforms. They show that reforms process has not always been uniform across the time in all the seven sectors. Reasonably liberal country was reversed back to regulations and restrictions during the mid-1960s – early 1980s. Though reforms process began in the 1980s they were not sufficient to undo the distorting policies adopted for over four decades. Amidst political chaos, economic crisis and social tensions, India began its true journey of reforming its economy. The period after 1990 witnessed a very significant opening of the economy to the world market. The change in reforms indices were the highest during the period 1991 – 2000. By the mid-2000, there was a widespread agreement and policy convergence in all seven sectors. However, there is much less convergence in public sector reforms because the privatization process has significantly slowed down and government control is many public sector undertakings are still reasonably high. Lastly, though there is significant variation in social sector reforms index, still there is a lot which needs to be done to include bottom sections of the society into the growth story of India.

Suggested Citation

  • Vadlamannati, Krishna Chaitanya, 2009. "Quantifying Economic Reforms in India: Where Have We Been and What Lies Ahead, 1960 - 2006," MPRA Paper 15901, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:15901

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jeffrey D. Sachs & Andrew Warner, 1995. "Economic Reform and the Process of Global Integration," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(1, 25th A), pages 1-118.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Economic reforms; India.;

    JEL classification:

    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
    • P21 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform
    • O2 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:15901. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.