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The Immigrants Odds of Slipping into Poverty during Business Cycles: Double Jeopardy?

  • Kim, Jongsung
  • Tebaldi, Edinaldo

This paper makes an empirical contribution in unraveling the argument that immigration is either the sole or even the most important factor behind the U.S. poverty. While this argument is understandable, the blame is misplaced. Using data from the Current Population Survey, we show that between 1994 and 2008 the national poverty rate of immigrants fell three times faster than that of natives (5.4 compared to 1.8 percentage points). The poverty rate of recent immigrants (those in the United States for less than 10 years) fell even faster at almost six times faster than that of natives (10.7 compared to 1.8 percentage points). The empirical analysis of this paper shows that the odds of experiencing poverty for both natives and immigrants depend on micro factors such as individual characteristics and macro factors such as business cycle in the U.S. economy.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/15276/1/MPRA_paper_15276.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 15276.

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Date of creation: May 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:15276
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  1. James R. Hines Jr. & Hilary W. Hoynes & Alan B. Krueger, 2001. "Another Look at Whether a Rising Tide Lifts All Boats," NBER Working Papers 8412, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Gary A. Hoover & Walter Enders & Donald G. Freeman, 2008. "Non-white Poverty and Macroeconomy: The Impact of Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(2), pages 398-402, May.
  3. Mark Partridge & Dan Rickman, 2005. "Why some US nonmetropolitan counties moved out of persistent high-poverty status in the 1990s," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(8), pages 473-478.
  4. Ross Gittell & Edinaldo Tebaldi, 2007. "Did a Strong Economy in the 1990s Affect Poverty in U.S. Metro Areas? Exploring Changes in Poverty in Metropolitan Areas Over the Last U.S. Business Cycle, 1992-2003," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 21(4), pages 354-368, November.
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