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Whose child is it anyway? Differential parental investments in education and children under kinship care in the Philippines


  • Joseph J. Capuno

    (School of Economics, University of the Philippines Diliman)

  • Xylee Javier

    (School of Economics, University of the Philippines Diliman)


While education is universally held to enhance a child human development, policies must still contend with parental biases. Here, we investigate if school attendance of young household members aged 6-12 years old varies with their kinship ties to the household heads in the Philippines. Applying probit regression techniques on a dataset culled from the five rounds of the Annual Poverty Indicators Survey, we find that the probability of attending school of the head’s own child is about 2.9-percentage points greater that that other relatives in the same age group, controlling for income and other factors. However, there are no differences in the likelihood of school attendance between the head’s own grandchildren and other relatives. Thus, policies should target children under kinship care since household heads are unlikely to treat them like their own, even if they can afford to send these children to school.

Suggested Citation

  • Joseph J. Capuno & Xylee Javier, 2012. "Whose child is it anyway? Differential parental investments in education and children under kinship care in the Philippines," UP School of Economics Discussion Papers 201206, University of the Philippines School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:phs:dpaper:201206

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tomoki Fujii, 2011. "Impact of remittances on schooling in the Philippines:Does the relationship to the household head matter?," Working Papers 05-2011, Singapore Management University, School of Economics.
    2. Ericta, Carmelita N. & Luis, Jeremias, 2009. "A Documentation of the Annual Poverty Indicators Survey," Discussion Papers DP 2009-20, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    3. Case, Anne & Lin, I-Fen & McLanahan, Sara, 2000. "How Hungry Is the Selfish Gene?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(466), pages 781-804, October.
    4. Carmelita Ericta & Jeremias Luis, 2009. "A Documentation of the Annual Poverty Indicators Survey," Development Economics Working Papers 22956, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    5. Joseph J. Capuno & Stella A. Quimbo & Carlos Antonio R. Tan Jr. & Aleli D. Kraft, 2009. "Household out-of-pocket health spending, health insurance coverage, and children’s school attendance in the Philippines," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 46(2), pages 155-181, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Joel M. Durban Ph.D., 2018. "Involvement of Kin in Caring Children with Developmental Disabilities," The Journal of Social Sciences Research, Academic Research Publishing Group, vol. 4(11), pages 312-324, 11-2018.

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