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Fitting U.S. Trend Inflation: A Rolling-Window Approach


  • Efrem Castelnuovo

    () (University of Padova)


The role of trend inflation shocks for the U.S. macroeconomic dynamics is investigated by estimating two DSGE models of the business cycle. Policymakers are assumed to be concerned with a time-varying inflation target, which is modeled as a persistent and stochastic process. The identification of trend inflation shocks (as opposed to a number of alternative innovations) is achieved by exploiting the measure of trend inflation recently proposed by Arouba and Schorfheide (2011, American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics). Our main findings point to a substantial contribution of trend inflation shocks for the volatility of inflation and the policy rate. Such contribution is found to be time-dependent and highest during the mid-1970s to mid-1980s.

Suggested Citation

  • Efrem Castelnuovo, 2012. "Fitting U.S. Trend Inflation: A Rolling-Window Approach," "Marco Fanno" Working Papers 0152, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno".
  • Handle: RePEc:pad:wpaper:0152

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Bekiros, Stelios & Cardani, Roberta & Paccagnini, Alessia & Villa, Stefania, 2016. "Dealing with financial instability under a DSGE modeling approach with banking intermediation: A predictability analysis versus TVP-VARs," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 216-227.
    2. Doko Tchatoka, Firmin & Groshenny, Nicolas & Haque, Qazi & Weder, Mark, 2017. "Monetary policy and indeterminacy after the 2001 slump," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 83-95.

    More about this item


    trend inflation shocks; new-keynesian DSGE models; rolling-window approach great moderation.;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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