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A Political Economy Model of Earnings Mobility and Redistribution Policy

  • Ryo Arawatari

    ()

    (Faculty of Economics, Shinshu University)

  • Tetsuo Ono

    ()

    (Graduate School of Economics, Osaka University)

This paper presents a politico-economic model including a mutual link between earnings mobility and redistribution policy affected by human capital risk. The model demonstrates that a low-risk economy produces multiple equilibria: an unskilled- majority equilibrium with lower mobility and higher redistribution, and a skilled- majority equilibrium with higher mobility and lower redistribution. In contrast, a high-risk economy produces a unique, unskilled-majority equilibrium with high mobility and low redistribution, which supports the POUM (prospect of upward mobility) hypothesis. In the latter economy, a further increase in risk may improve the expected utility of agents.

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Paper provided by Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP) in its series Discussion Papers in Economics and Business with number 08-18-Rev.2.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2008
Date of revision: Sep 2010
Handle: RePEc:osk:wpaper:0818r2
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.econ.osaka-u.ac.jp/
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  1. J. Ignacio Conde-Ruiz & Vincenzo Galasso, 2003. "Early Retirement," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 6(1), pages 12-36, January.
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  7. Arawatari, Ryo & Ono, Tetsuo, 2009. "A second chance at success: A political economy perspective," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 144(3), pages 1249-1277, May.
  8. John Hassler & José V. Rodríguez Mora & Kjetil Storesletten & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2001. "The survival of the welfare state," Economics Working Papers 603, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
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  11. Martin Gonzalez-Eiras, 2011. "Social security as Markov equilibrium in OLG models: a note," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 14(3), pages 549-552, July.
  12. Grossman, Gene M & Helpman, Elhanan, 1998. "Intergenerational Redistribution with Short-Lived Governments," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(450), pages 1299-1329, September.
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  19. Bénabou, Roland & Ok, Efe, 1997. "Social Mobility and the Demand for Redistribution : the POUM Hypothesis," IDEI Working Papers 78, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse, revised 1999.
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  25. Kaiji Chen & Zheng Song, 2014. "Markovian Social Security in Unequal Societies," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 116(4), pages 982-1011, October.
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  27. J. Ignacio Conde-Ruiz & Vincenzo Galasso & Paola Profeta, 2005. "Early Retirement and Social Security: A Long Term Perspective," CESifo Working Paper Series 1571, CESifo Group Munich.
  28. Song, Zheng, 2008. "The Dynamics of Inequality and Social Security in General Equilibrium," MPRA Paper 10365, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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