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International Technology Agreements for Climate Change: Analysis Based on Co-Invention Data

Author

Listed:
  • Ivan Haščič

    (OECD)

  • Nick Johnstone

    (OECD)

  • Nadja Kahrobaie

Abstract

This paper examines the effect of multilateral energy technology initiatives, so called "Implementing Agreements", on international research collaboration in seven important climate change mitigation technologies. The analysis is conducted using patent data on 33 OECD countries during the period 1970- 2009. We find that co-invention is significantly affected by the membership in the Implementing Agreement. Extending adherence to other countries would increase co-invention by about 90% in the case of wind and fuel cells, and even more in the case of biofuels, solar PV and CCS. Given the urgency to develop effective international mechanisms to mitigate climate change, these results are encouraging and the topic is an important area for further policy research. À partir des données sur les brevets de 33 pays de l’OCDE pour la période 1970-2009, ce document analyse la manière dont les initiatives multilatérales de technologies énergétiques, dits « accords de mise en oeuvre », influencent la collaboration internationale dans sept grands domaines de la recherche sur les technologies d’atténuation climatique. Le constat est que l’identité des acteurs associés à l’accord de mise en oeuvre est un facteur déterminant de co-invention. Extension de l'adhésion à d'autres pays augmenterait co-invention d'environ 90% dans le cas de l'éolien et de piles à combustible, et encore plus dans les cas de biocarburants, solaire photovoltaïque, et CSC. Vu l’urgence de disposer de cadres internationaux efficaces pour atténuer les changements climatiques, il s’agit de résultats encourageants et d’une question importante pour la suite des travaux de recherche sur les politiques.

Suggested Citation

  • Ivan Haščič & Nick Johnstone & Nadja Kahrobaie, 2012. "International Technology Agreements for Climate Change: Analysis Based on Co-Invention Data," OECD Environment Working Papers 42, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:envaaa:42-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k9fgpw5tt9s-en
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    Cited by:

    1. Ramona Miron & Simona Gabor, 2012. "Intellectual Property Within The Emerging Renewable Energy Market: A Case Study Of The Eu," CES Working Papers, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 4(3), pages 364-384, September.
    2. Declan Conway & Antoine Dechezleprêtre & Ivan Haščič & Nick Johnstone, 2015. "Invention and Diffusion of Water Supply and Water Efficiency Technologies: Insights from a Global Patent Dataset," Water Economics and Policy (WEP), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 1(04), pages 1-34, December.
    3. Noailly, Joëlle & Ryfisch, David, 2015. "Multinational firms and the internationalization of green R&D: A review of the evidence and policy implications," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 218-228.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Accords sur les technologies; climate policy; innovation; innovation; politique climatique; technologies; technology; Technology Agreements;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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