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Immigrant Children's Age at Arrival and Assessment Results

  • Anthony Heath
  • Elina Kilpi-Jakonen
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    While a number of single-country studies have been done to explore whether or not there is a “critical age” at which the arrival in a new country becomes a steep disadvantage to the immigrant student, this study aims to determine whether the steepness of the age-at-arrival/test score profile varies across origin or destination countries. As expected, the later the arrival, the greater the penalty. However results vary according to several factors, including language differences and whether the country of origin had higher or lower educational standards. Evidence shows the importance of helping young migrants with language difficulties, as well as with the subsequent adverse effects of these difficulties. Tandis qu’un certain nombre d’études nationales ont été réalisées afin de déterminer s’il existe ou non un « âge critique » auquel l’arrivée dans un nouveau pays constitue un désavantage important pour les élèves immigrés, la présente étude tente d’analyser si le profil âge d’arrivée/résultats à l’évaluation varie en fonction du pays d’origine et du pays d’accueil. Comme escompté, plus l’arrivée est tardive, plus le désavantage est important. Les résultats varient cependant en fonction de plusieurs facteurs, notamment des différences linguistiques et du niveau (supérieur ou inférieur) des normes éducatives du pays d’origine. Les données recueillies montrent l’importance d’aider les jeunes migrants à faire face aux difficultés linguistiques auxquelles ils sont confrontés ainsi qu’aux effets négatifs qui peuvent en résulter.

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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Education Working Papers with number 75.

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    Date of creation: 02 May 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:eduaab:75-en
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