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Improving Educational Outcomes in Slovenia

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  • Mehmet Eris

    (OECD)

Abstract

Overall, the education system fares well by international comparison. Slovenia has one of the highest shares of the population aged 25 to 64 to have completed at least upper secondary education, and ranks high in international educational achievement tests. Nevertheless, in some areas, reforms could significantly improve performance and equip the labour force with the skills most in demand in a rapidly changing economy. In particular, low student-teacher ratios, small class sizes, and a high share of non-teaching staff suggest that there is room for improving spending efficiency. Rationalising teaching and non-teaching staff would also free up valuable public resources that could be redirected towards underfunded aspects of the education system. Low enrolment rates in short vocational education programmes and in certain higher education fields, such as science and engineering, contribute to a skill deficit in some occupations, underlining the need to make such programmes more attractive. At the tertiary level, completion rates and spending per student are low by international standards, and students take too long to complete their studies. The combination of low student fees and access to generous financial support, coupled with the preferential treatment of student work until recently, creates “fake students”; it also provides genuine students with an incentive to remain in the tertiary education system too long. Introducing universal tuition fees along with loans with income-contingent repayment would help to address such issues. This Working Paper relates to the 2011 Economic Survey of Slovenia (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/Slovenia). Améliorer les résultats du système éducatif en Slovénie Dans l’ensemble, le système éducatif donne des résultats satisfaisants par rapport aux autres pays. La proportion de la population slovène âgée de 25 à 64 ans ayant achevé au moins le deuxième cycle de l’enseignement secondaire est parmi les plus élevées de la zone OCDE et le pays est très bien placé dans les évaluations internationales du niveau des élèves. Néanmoins, dans certains domaines, des réformes pourraient largement contribuer à améliorer les performances et à doter les travailleurs des qualifications les plus recherchées dans une économie en pleine mutation. Ainsi, le faible nombre d’élèves par enseignant, la taille réduite des classes et la proportion élevée de personnel non enseignant donnent à penser qu’il serait possible d’accroître l’efficacité des dépenses. La rationalisation des effectifs enseignants et non enseignants serait un autre moyen de dégager des ressources publiques précieuses qui pourraient être réaffectées à des secteurs du système éducatif dont le financement est insuffisant. Le faible nombre d’inscrits dans les filières courtes de l’enseignement professionnel et dans certaines branches de l’enseignement supérieur comme les sciences et les études d’ingénieur se traduit par un déficit de compétences dans certains métiers, d’où la nécessité de rendre ces formations plus attrayantes. Dans l’enseignement supérieur, les taux de réussite et les dépenses par étudiant sont faibles par rapport aux moyennes internationales et les études durent trop longtemps. De plus, la modicité des droits de scolarité et l’accès à des aides financières généreuses, conjugués au traitement préférentiel dont bénéficiait jusqu’à une date récente le travail des étudiants, ont pour effet de créer des « faux étudiants », tout en incitant ceux qui font vraiment des études à rester trop longtemps dans l’enseignement supérieur. L’instauration de droits de scolarité universels, parallèlement à des prêts remboursables en fonction des ressources, pourrait apporter une solution à ces problèmes. Ce Document de travail se rapporte à l’Étude économique de l’OCDE de la Slovénie 2011 (www.oecd.org/eco/etudes/Slovénie).

Suggested Citation

  • Mehmet Eris, 2011. "Improving Educational Outcomes in Slovenia," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 915, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:915-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0prg9b1g8-en
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    Keywords

    early childhood education; frais de scolarité; income-contingent loans; PISA; PISA; student work; tertiary education; travail des élèves; tuition fees; vocational and technical education; éducation préscolaire; éducation technique et professionnelle; éducation tertiaire;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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