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Improving Education Outcomes in Germany

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  • David Carey

    (OECD)

Abstract

Improving education outcomes is important for Germany’s long-term economic performance and social cohesion. While student achievement is above the OECD average in science and at the OECD average in reading and mathematics according to the 2006 OECD PISA study, weaker students tend to do badly by international comparison and socio-economic and/or immigrant backgrounds have a large impact. Another problem is that the proportion of younger people that completes tertiary education is relatively low. The authorities are undertaking wide ranging reforms touching all levels of education to tackle these problems. Nevertheless, there is scope to go further by: increasing participation in early childhood education and care of children from less advantaged socio-economic backgrounds and improving the quality of such education; improving teaching quality; reducing stratification in the school system; and making tertiary education more attractive and responsive to labour-market requirements. With the reforms underway or suggested, Germany would be able to look forward to higher education achievement and attainment and, especially, greater equality of education opportunity. Améliorer les résultants de l'enseignement en Allemagne Il importe d’améliorer les résultats de l’enseignement pour les performances économiques à long terme et pour la cohésion sociale de l’Allemagne. Si les élèves réussissent mieux que la moyenne de l’OCDE en sciences et atteignent la moyenne en compréhension de l’écrit et en mathématiques selon l’enquête PISA 2006 de l’OCDE, les élèves en difficulté ont généralement des résultats faibles par rapport à ceux des autres pays et l’influence du milieu socio-économique et/ou de l’origine est forte. Autre problème : la proportion des jeunes qui achèvent leurs études supérieures est relativement faible. Les autorités ont entrepris une vaste réforme de l’ensemble du système éducatif afin de résoudre ces difficultés. Néanmoins, il est possible d’aller plus loin, notamment en augmentant le nombre d’enfants de familles défavorisées inscrits dans les services d’éducation et d’accueil des jeunes enfants et en améliorant la qualité de ces services, en rehaussant la qualité de l’enseignement, en réduisant la stratification du système scolaire, et en rendant l’enseignement supérieur plus avantageux et plus réactif face aux exigences du marché du travail. Avec les réformes en cours ou proposées, l’Allemagne pourrait espérer des résultats scolaires et des niveaux de formation plus élevés et surtout, une plus grande égalité des chances dans le domaine de l’éducation.

Suggested Citation

  • David Carey, 2008. "Improving Education Outcomes in Germany," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 611, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:611-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/241675712618
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    Cited by:

    1. Davoli, Maddalena & Entorf, Horst, 2018. "The PISA Shock, Socioeconomic Inequality, and School Reforms in Germany," IZA Policy Papers 140, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. D'Amuri, Francesco & Ottaviano, Gianmarco I.P. & Peri, Giovanni, 2010. "The labor market impact of immigration in Western Germany in the 1990s," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 54(4), pages 550-570, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    accountability; achievement; attainment; autonomie; autonomy; Bologna reforms; cadre socio–économique; direction des établissements scolaires; early childhood education and care; early tracking; education; equality of education opportunity; immigrant background; internal rates of return on tertiary education; PISA; PISA; processus de Bologne; qualité de l’enseignement; responsabilité; répartition des élèves par filière à un stade précoce; réussite scolaire; school leadership; school system; socio-economic background; stratification; stratification; système scolaire; taux de rendements internes sur l’enseignement supérieur; teacher quality; éducation; éducation et accueil des jeunes enfants; égalité des chances scolaires; élèves issus de l’immigration;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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