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Quantifying the Economy-Wide Effects of Agricultural Policies: A General Equilibrium Approach


  • Jean-Marc Burniaux


  • François Delorme


  • Ian Lienert


  • John P. Martin


  • Peter Hoeller



This paper presents a progress report on the Economics and Statistics Department's applied general equilibrium model -- the WALRAS model. This model has been developed with the explicit objective of quantifying the economy-wide effects of agricultural policies in OECD countries. The common specification of the model for the major OECD agricultural trading countries/regions (Australia, Canada, EEC, Japan, New Zealand and the United States) is described in detail. Results are presented for some preliminary simulations of the effects of removing the 1979-81 levels of agricultural assistance in these countries/regions. The initial results relate only to unilateral liberalisation experiments with the unlinked country/region models, with no account being taken of feedback effects through changes in world agricultural prices and trade volumes ... Ce document décrit l'état d'avancement du modèle d'équilibre général développé au Département de Statistique et d'Economie dans le cadre du projet WALRAS. Le but explicite de ce projet est de quantifier les effets macro-économiques des politiques agricoles dans les pays de l'OCDE. Les principaux partenaires commerciaux de l'OCDE (Australie, Canada, EEC, Japon, Nouvelle-Zélande et les Etats Unis) sont représentés à l'aide d'une spécification commune qui est décrite en détail. Le texte présente également les résultats d'un certain nombre de simulations préliminaires relatives à l'élimination des niveaux de protection agricole qui prévalaient dans ces pays/régions en 1979/81. Ces résultats initiaux se rapportent exclusivement à des scénarios de libéralisation unilatérale réalisés à l'aide de modèles non intégrés qui ne peuvent donc tenir compte des interférences induites par les variations des prix et des volumes des transactions sur les marchés internationaux agricoles ...

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Marc Burniaux & François Delorme & Ian Lienert & John P. Martin & Peter Hoeller, 1988. "Quantifying the Economy-Wide Effects of Agricultural Policies: A General Equilibrium Approach," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 55, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:55-en
    DOI: 10.1787/574100212533

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    Cited by:

    1. Yu, Wusheng & Hertel, Thomas W. & Preckel, Paul V. & Eales, James S., 2004. "Projecting world food demand using alternative demand systems," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 99-129, January.
    2. Decaluwe, Bernard & Patry, André & Savard, Luc, 1997. "Quand l'eau n'est plus un don du ciel: un MEGC appliqué au Maroc," Cahiers de recherche 9716, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
    3. J. David Richardson, 1989. "Empirical Research on Trade Liberalization With Imperfect Competition: A Survey," NBER Working Papers 2883, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Kilkenny, Maureen, 1991. "The "30-30-30 Proposal": CGE Simulation of Unilateral Compliance by the USA to Partial Trade Liberalization," 1991 Annual Meeting, August 4-7, Manhattan, Kansas 271354, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    5. Scott McDonald & Deborah Roberts, 1998. "The Economy‐Wide Effects of the BSE Crisis: A CGE Analysis," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(3), pages 458-471, September.
    6. Hazledine, Tim, 1989. "Industrial Organisation Foundations Of Trade Policy Modelling," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 33(1), pages 1-19, April.
    7. Kilkenny, Maureen, 1991. "Computable General Equilibrium Modeling of Agricultural Policies: Documentation of the 30-Sector FPGE GAMS Model of the United States," Staff Reports 278539, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

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