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Social Security Agreements (SSAs) in practice: Evidence from India's SSAs wih countries in Europe


  • Tiwari, Atul Kumar

    () (Principal Resident Commissioner of Karnataka)

  • Ghei, Dhananjay

    (National Institute of Public Finance and Policy)

  • Goel, Prerna

    () (National Institute of Public Finance and Policy)


India has signed 18 Social Security Agreements from 2009 till 2016. Social Security Agreements (SSAs) are bilateral treaties, which allow export of social security benefits, totalisation of insurance periods, and prevent dual contribution of social security in the country of origin and destination for inter-corporate transfers. Thus, the SSAs help in protecting the interest of workers, and in increasing circular migration of highly skilled labour. Since SSAs are of recent origin in the context of India, a systematic study on Indian SSAs has not yet been undertaken. A key policy question in this context is promotion of circular migration of highly skilled labour willing to migrate to other countries. In this paper, we summarise the existing framework of SSAs in India, understand the demographics of people utilising SSAs (using a novel dataset) and discuss some areas of concern. The key policy issues in this field pertain to detachment benefits, totalization procedure and ensuring greater coverage under these agreements.

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  • Tiwari, Atul Kumar & Ghei, Dhananjay & Goel, Prerna, 2017. "Social Security Agreements (SSAs) in practice: Evidence from India's SSAs wih countries in Europe," Working Papers 17/203, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:npf:wpaper:17/203
    Note: Working Paper 203, 2017

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Mohanty, Ranjan Kumar & Sahoo, Biresh K., 2017. "Examining the Eco-Macroeconomic Performance Index of India: A Data Envelopment Analysis Approach," Working Papers 17/202, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
    2. Andreas Hatzigeorgiou & Magnus Lodefalk, 2015. "Trade, Migration and Integration – Evidence and Policy Implications," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(12), pages 2013-2048, December.
    3. Bose, Sukanya & Ghosh, Priyanta & Sardana, Arvind, 2017. "Resource requirements for Right to Education (RTE): Normative and the Real," Working Papers 17/201, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
    4. Razin, Assaf & Sadka, Efraim, 1999. "Migration and pension with international capital mobility," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 141-150, October.
    5. Tandon, Suranjali & Rao, R. Kavita, 2017. "Trade Misinvoicing: What can we Measure?," Working Papers 17/200, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
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