Detecting the Breakdown of Traffic
Timely traffic prediction is important in advanced traffic management systems to make possible rapid and effective response by traffic control facilities. From the observations of traffic flow, the time series present repetitive or regular behavior over time that distinguishes time series analysis of traffic flow from classical statistics, which assumes independence over time. By taking advantage of tools in frequency domain analysis, this paper proposes a new criterion function that can detect the onset of congestion. It is found that the changing rate of the cross-correlation between density dynamics and flow rate determines traffic transferring from free flow phase to the congestion phase. A definition of traffic stability is proposed based on the criterion function. The new method suggests that an unreturnable transition will occur only if the changing rate of the cross-correlation exceeds a threshold. Based on real traffic data, detection of congestion is conducted in which the new scheme performs well compared to previous studies.
|Date of creation:||2006|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Phone: +01 (612) 625-6354
Fax: +01 (612) 626-7750
Web page: http://nexus.umn.edu
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Okutani, Iwao & Stephanedes, Yorgos J., 1984. "Dynamic prediction of traffic volume through Kalman filtering theory," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 1-11, February.
- Daganzo, C. F. & Cassidy, M. J. & Bertini, R. L., 1999. "Possible explanations of phase transitions in highway traffic," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 365-379, June.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:nex:wpaper:breakdown. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (David Levinson)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.