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Le développement de l'humain comme préalable au développement économique : l'apport de l'analyse en composantes principales

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Abstract

L'objectif de cet article est d'explorer le sens de la causalité qui caractérise les relations entre le développement économique et le développement de l'humain — le développement humain accompagné de la transition démographique — au sein du processus global de développement. Dans un premier temps, il développe — grâce à l'analyse en composantes principales — un indicateur synthétique de développement incluant ces trois aspects fondamentaux. L'observation de l'évolution temporelle de cet indicateur permet dans un second temps de fournir un argument empirique au débat. Les résultats montrent que le développement de l'humain constitue un préalable au développement économique. Ainsi, il semble que seules les populations ayant largement entamé leur transition démographique peuvent bénéficier d'une amélioration sensible et durable de leur niveau de développement humain et que seul un développement humain suffisant permet d'accompagner un développement économique lui aussi durable et profitable. This article explores the direction of the causality between economic development and humanity development — human development accompanied by demographic transition — within the global process of development. At first, it develops — through principal components analysis — a synthetic indicator of development including these three fundamental aspects. The observation of the temporal evolution of this indicator subsequently provides an empirical argument to the debate. The results show that humanity development constitutes a precondition to economic development. Thus, it seems that only populations having largely started their demographic transition can profit from a noticeable and durable improvement of their human development level. In the same way, only a sufficient human development makes it possible to accompany a durable and advantageous economic development. (Full text in French)

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  • François Combarnous, 2003. "Le développement de l'humain comme préalable au développement économique : l'apport de l'analyse en composantes principales," Documents de travail 84, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  • Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:84
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    1. David E. Bloom & David Canning & Pia N. Malaney, 1999. "Demographic Change and Economic Growth in Asia," CID Working Papers 15, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
    2. Gary S. Becker & Kevin M. Murphy & Robert Tamura, 1994. "Human Capital, Fertility, and Economic Growth," NBER Chapters,in: Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education (3rd Edition), pages 323-350 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Perkins, Dwight H. & Syrquin, Moshe, 1989. "Large countries: The influence of size," Handbook of Development Economics,in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 32, pages 1691-1753 Elsevier.
    4. Birdsall, Nancy, 1988. "Economic approaches to population growth," Handbook of Development Economics,in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 12, pages 477-542 Elsevier.
    5. Ranis, Gustav & Stewart, Frances & Ramirez, Alejandro, 2000. "Economic Growth and Human Development," World Development, Elsevier, pages 197-219.
    6. Syrquin, Moshe, 1988. "Patterns of structural change," Handbook of Development Economics,in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 7, pages 203-273 Elsevier.
    7. J. Stiglitz, 1998. "More Instruments and Broader Goals: Moving toward the PostWashington Consensus," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 8.
    8. David E. BLOOM & Jocelyn E. FINLAY, 2009. "Demographic Change and Economic Growth in Asia," Asian Economic Policy Review, Japan Center for Economic Research, vol. 4(1), pages 45-64.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nguéma-Affane, Thierry, 2008. "The Principal Components Approach To Quota Formulation At The Imf," MPRA Paper 7618, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    JEL classification:

    • N30 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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