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The First 100 Years of Tariffs in Australia: the Colonies


  • P. J. Lloyd

    () (Department of Economics, University of Melbourne)


This paper reviews the history of tariffs imposed by the six Australian colonies during the 19th century. First, in each of the colonies, it identifies the starting points for the first tariffs, first preferences, and other features and the turning points in the levels of tariffs. It then constructs time series of the average tariff levels in the individual colonies and an average for All Six Colonies Combined. The conclusion notes general features of the pattern of tariffs and how the main features of colonial tariffs carried over to the Commonwealth Customs Tariff in the 20th century.

Suggested Citation

  • P. J. Lloyd, 2016. "The First 100 Years of Tariffs in Australia: the Colonies," Department of Economics - Working Papers Series 2018, The University of Melbourne.
  • Handle: RePEc:mlb:wpaper:2018

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. J. A. Lanauze., 1948. "Australian Tariffs And Imperial Control," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 24(1), pages 1-17, June.
    2. J. A. La Nauze., 1948. "Australian Tariffs And Imperial Control," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 24(2), pages 218-234, December.
    3. Peter Lloyd, 2015. "Customs Union and Fiscal Union in Australia at Federation," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 91(293), pages 155-171, June.
    4. Douglas A. Irwin, 2006. "The Impact of Federation on Australia's Trade Flows," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 82(258), pages 315-324, September.
    5. Pratt, Ambrose, 1908. "David Syme: The Father of Protection in Australia," History of Economic Thought Books, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, number pratt1908.
    6. Peter Lloyd, 2008. "100 Years Of Tariff Protection In Australia," Australian Economic History Review, Economic History Society of Australia and New Zealand, vol. 48(2), pages 99-145, July.
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    More about this item


    colonies; average tariff rates; tariff revenue; protection;

    JEL classification:

    • N1 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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