Should Households and Businesses Receive Compensation for the Costs of Greenhouse Gas Emissions?
Arguments for, and then the form and level of, compensation of households and businesses for the additional costs of an emissions trading scheme to lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are evaluated. With most of the costs passed forward to households as higher consumer prices, a sequential set of direct income transfers to all households is proposed to meet equity and macroeconomic stability objectives. In the event that Australia proceeds with a scheme before some of the other global polluters, to avoid carbon leakage and unnecessary industrial restructuring a consumption base system of taxing the GHG component of imports and compensating the GHG component of exports is proposed.
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