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The effect of business support on employment in manufacturing: evidence from the EU structural funds in Germany, Italy, and Spain

Listed author(s):
  • Massimo FLORIO

    ()

  • Luigi MORETTI

    ()

This study investigates whether a relationship exists between European Cohesion Policy support to business activities and the growth of employment. We exploit cross-industry cross-region variations for a sample of 14 manufacturing industries and 70 European regions (belonging to Germany, Spain, and Italy), and take advantage of detailed EU Structural and Cohesion Funds data available at the regional level for the period 2000-2006. We show that there are differential effects of business support on industries with different initial size as well as with different growth opportunities. The results imply that the European Cohesion Policy’s direct support to businesses might contribute to the process of reallocation of persons employed across industries. Since estimated effects at the aggregate level might conceal large differences across industries, by disentangling the effects across industries we can improve our understanding of how the Structural Funds support can impact industrial and regional development and adjustment paths.

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File URL: http://wp.demm.unimi.it/files/wp/2009/DEMM-2009_033wp.pdf
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Paper provided by Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano in its series Departmental Working Papers with number 2009-33.

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Date of creation: 05 Nov 2009
Handle: RePEc:mil:wpdepa:2009-33
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  1. Sjef Ederveen & Henri L . F. Groot & Richard Nahuis, 2006. "Fertile Soil for Structural Funds?A Panel Data Analysis of the Conditional Effectiveness of European Cohesion Policy," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(1), pages 17-42, 02.
  2. Raymond Fisman & Inessa Love, 2004. "Financial Development and Intersectoral Allocation: A New Approach," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 59(6), pages 2785-2807, December.
  3. Michele Boldrin & Fabio Canova, 2001. "Inequality and convergence in Europe's regions: reconsidering European regional policies," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 16(32), pages 205-253, 04.
  4. Aadne Cappelen & Fulvio Castellacci & Jan Fagerberg & Bart Verspagen, 2003. "The Impact of EU Regional Support on Growth and Convergence in the European Union," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41, pages 621-644, September.
  5. Maaike Beugelsdijk & Sylvester C.W. Eijffinger, 2005. "The Effectiveness of Structural Policy in the European Union: An Empirical Analysis for the EU-15 in 1995-2001," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(1), pages 37-51, March.
  6. Karen Helene Midelfart-Knarvik & Henry G. Overman, 2002. "Delocation and European integration: is structural spending justified?," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 17(35), pages 321-359, October.
  7. Alfredo M. Pereira & Jorge M. Andraz, 2005. "Public Investment in Transportation Infrastructure and Economic Performance in Portugal," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 9(2), pages 177-196, May.
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