Local embeddedness and internationalization of SME: a comparative analysis of nine local production systems in Emilia Romagna
The purpose of this paper is to identify and evaluate how the embedded-ness can influence the processes of internationalization among technology-based SME in nine industrial districts in Emilia Romagna. The analysis will be conducted using a statistical sample of SME extract from each district. Some papers demonstrate that many technology-based smaller firms are engaged in a range of internationalization network and internationalization processes, including internationalization of markets, research collaboration, labor recruitment, ownership and facilities location. Technology-intense firms reporting high levels of internationalization also differ significantly from those which are more nationally-oriented, for example in terms of size, age, research intensity, university links, and innovativeness. There are also differences with respect to recent growth rates. So, as a final conclusion, we would like to understand if these considerations can be applied to the Emilia Romagna environment and, more in general, to the Italian market. If it cannot work it would be our purpose to define the reasons why the Italian market would be different in term of relationship between local embedded-ness and degree of internationalization in a technology-oriented perspective.
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