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Local embeddedness and internationalization of SME: a comparative analysis of nine local production systems in Emilia Romagna


  • Luciano PILOTTI


  • Andrea GANZAROLI


  • Antonio LORENZON


  • Luigi ORSI



The purpose of this paper is to identify and evaluate how the embedded-ness can influence the processes of internationalization among technology-based SME in nine industrial districts in Emilia Romagna. The analysis will be conducted using a statistical sample of SME extract from each district. Some papers demonstrate that many technology-based smaller firms are engaged in a range of internationalization network and internationalization processes, including internationalization of markets, research collaboration, labor recruitment, ownership and facilities location. Technology-intense firms reporting high levels of internationalization also differ significantly from those which are more nationally-oriented, for example in terms of size, age, research intensity, university links, and innovativeness. There are also differences with respect to recent growth rates. So, as a final conclusion, we would like to understand if these considerations can be applied to the Emilia Romagna environment and, more in general, to the Italian market. If it cannot work it would be our purpose to define the reasons why the Italian market would be different in term of relationship between local embedded-ness and degree of internationalization in a technology-oriented perspective.

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  • Luciano PILOTTI & Andrea GANZAROLI & Antonio LORENZON & Luigi ORSI, 2007. "Local embeddedness and internationalization of SME: a comparative analysis of nine local production systems in Emilia Romagna," Departmental Working Papers 2007-20, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
  • Handle: RePEc:mil:wpdepa:2007-20

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Susan Bartholomew, 1997. "National Systems of Biotechnology Innovation: Complex Interdependence in the Global System," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 28(2), pages 241-266, June.
    2. Birgitte Gregersen & Bjorn Johnson, 1997. "Learning Economies, Innovation Systems and European Integration," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(5), pages 479-490.
    3. Francesca Masciarelli, 2006. "Wilfred Dolfsma and Luc Soete, Understanding the Dynamics of a Knowledge Economy," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 10(4), pages 463-468, November.
    4. Luciano PILOTTI & Enzo RULLANI, 2007. "Corporate governance e società della conoscenza. Tra teoria e prassi," Departmental Working Papers 2007-06, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
    5. Cantwell, John & Piscitello, Lucia, 2000. "Accumulating Technological Competence: Its Changing Impact on Corporate Diversification and Internationalization," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 9(1), pages 21-51, March.
    6. Pavitt, Keith, 1998. "The social shaping of the national science base," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 793-805, December.
    7. Antonio LORENZON & Peter J. VAN BAALEN & Luciano PILOTTI, 2005. "Marketing Knowledge Management in strategic adoption of a CRM solutions: global supports and applications in Europe," Departmental Working Papers 2005-03, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
    8. John Cantwell & Grazia D. Santangelo, 2000. "Capitalism, profits and innovation in the new techno-economic paradigm," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 10(1), pages 131-157.
    9. Bellon Bertrand & Ben Youssef Adel & Plunket Anne, 2002. "I fattori determinanti delle alleanze industriali strategiche nord-sud: alcuni insegnamenti tratti dall'esperienza euro-mediterranea," L'industria, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 3, pages 457-478.
    10. Lucia Piscitello, 2004. "Corporate diversification, coherence and economic performance," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(5), pages 757-787, October.
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    More about this item


    Embeddedness; Internationalization of Smes; Industrial District;

    JEL classification:

    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • M10 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - General


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