The role of subsidies for exports: Evidence from Portuguese manufacturing firms
Production subsidies have not been used by International Business literature to explain firms internationalization processes. We argue subsides may have a role to play in that process. Using a longitudinal database (1996-2003) at the plant level, this paper aims to shed light on the causal nexus between production-related subsidies and exports, in Portugal. We implement a propensity score matching approach in order to evaluate the effects of subsidies on both the probability of domestic firms to begin exporting and on the probability of increasing the export share of already exporters. We find no impact of subsidies on the ability of domestic firms to become exporters; additionally, no effects of subsidies are detected on export shares. Such disappointing results may be explained by the inefficiency in the granting criteria.
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|Date of revision:||Feb 2011|
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- Richard Blundell & Monica Costa Dias, 2000. "Evaluation methods for non-experimental data," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 21(4), pages 427-468, January.
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