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Simultane Maschinenbelegungs- und Personaleinsatzplanung in KMUs anhand eines Fallbeispiels aus der Druckereibranche

Author

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  • Karen Puttkammer

    () (Lehrstuhl für Produktion und Logistik, Institut für Automobilwirtschaft und Industrielle Produktion, Technische Universität Braunschweig)

  • Rainer Kleber

    () (Faculty of Economics and Management, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg)

  • Tobias Schulz

    () (Faculty of Economics and Management, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg)

  • Karl Inderfurth

    () (Faculty of Economics and Management, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg)

Abstract

In dem vorliegenden Beitrag zur Produktionslogistik wird die auftragsorientierte Fertigung von Druckaufträgen in der maschinellen Werkstattproduktion klein- und mittelständischer Unternehmen (KMU) am Fallbeispiel einer Akzidenzdruckerei betrachtet. Wesentliche Planungsaufgaben stellen dabei die Maschinenbelegungs- und die Personaleinsatzplanung mit der Qualifikation der Mitarbeiter als verbindendem Element dar. In der Literatur und der praktischen Anwendung werden die Teilprobleme weitgehend getrennt voneinander betrachtet und häufig sukzessive gelöst. Ein solches Vorgehen ist jedoch insbesondere in KMUs problematisch, da Interdependenzen zwischen den Teilproblemen nicht in ausreichendem Maße berücksichtigt werden können. Solche liegen beispielsweise vor, wenn qualifiziertes Personal die Prozesse an den Maschinen durchgehend begleiten muss, dieses aber nur eingeschränkt zur Verfügung steht. In diesem Beitrag wird ein multikriterielles Optimierungsmodell für die Simultanplanung von Maschinenbelegung und Personaleinsatz vorgestellt. Der zu lösende Zielkonflikt entsteht dadurch, dass die Optimierung von Zeitzielen in der Maschinenbelegungsplanung, wie beispielsweise die Minimierung von Verspätungen, im Widerspruch zu einem die Kosten minimierenden kompakten Personaleinsatz steht. Durch die Formulierung des Modells kann maßgeblich zum Verständnis der Problemstruktur beigetragen werden.

Suggested Citation

  • Karen Puttkammer & Rainer Kleber & Tobias Schulz & Karl Inderfurth, 2011. "Simultane Maschinenbelegungs- und Personaleinsatzplanung in KMUs anhand eines Fallbeispiels aus der Druckereibranche," FEMM Working Papers 110010, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Faculty of Economics and Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:mag:wpaper:110010
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