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Calidad de la educación y rendimiento académico en Bogotá


  • Jorge Hugo Barrientos Marín


This paper examines the effects of family background and school characteristics on standardized test results. We use the ICFES test: the Colombian equivalent to the American SAT. The paper reaches three main conclusions. First, parental schooling has a substantial effect on test results. Second, this effect is transmitted mainly through the schools (i.e., more educated parents can afford better schools, which are associated with higher test scores). And third, the overall effect of schools on test scores surpasses the effects of all observable family characteristics and is greater than that of the United States.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Hugo Barrientos Marín, 2001. "Calidad de la educación y rendimiento académico en Bogotá," Grupo Microeconomía Aplicada 021, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía.
  • Handle: RePEc:lde:grupom:021

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    Cited by:

    1. Jhorland Ayala Garcia & Shirly Marrugo Llorente & Bernardo Saray Ricardo, 2011. "Antecedentes familiares y rendimiento académico en los colegios oficiales de Cartagena," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 5(2), pages 43-85, December.
    2. Barrientos Marín, Jorge, 2009. "School cover policy and academic achievement: the case of Medellin´s concession program," Perfil de Coyuntura Económica, Universidad de Antioquia, CIE, November.
    3. Ramos, Raul & Duque, Juan Carlos & Nieto, Sandra, 2016. "Decomposing the Rural-Urban Differential in Student Achievement in Colombia using PISA Microdata/Una descomposición del diferencial rural-urbano en los rendimientos educativos en Colombia a partir de ," Estudios de Economia Aplicada, Estudios de Economia Aplicada, vol. 34, pages 379-412, Mayo.
    4. Barón-Rivera, Juan David & Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo, 2014. "Desempeño relativo de los graduados en el área de educación en el examen de Estado del ICFES," Chapters, in: Sánchez Jabba, Andrés & Otero Cortés, Andrea (ed.), Educación y desarrollo regional en Colombia, chapter 4, pages 131-157, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Raul Ramos & Juan Carlos Duque & Sandra Nieto, 2012. "“Decomposing the Rural-Urban Differential in Student Achievement in Colombia Using PISA Microdata”," AQR Working Papers 201210, University of Barcelona, Regional Quantitative Analysis Group, revised Mar 2013.
    6. Felipe Barrera Osorio & Alejandro Gaviria Uribe, 2003. "Efficiency of colombian schools," Informes de Investigación 2436, Fedesarrollo.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General


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