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Getting there from here: A literature review of VET reform implementation



Despite huge incidence of vocational education and training (VET) reforms, we know more about good VET systems than how to implement them. In this review, we develop a determinant framework for VET implementation that combines theories and frameworks related to policy and general education reform, plus VET theory and the few existing VET implementation frameworks. We review 1,835 sources on VET reform implementation and code 177 for 1,538 framework-item mentions. Key success factors are employer, intermediary, and educator involvement; human, financial, and research resources; cooperation and coordination; clear strategy with political will and context fit; and accountability. There is a bias towards Europe, though it does not drive results. The sample equally represents developed and developing countries. Future research should test our framework, examine item interactions, and develop theory. VET reform implementation is distinct from general education reform implementation, and its evidence base is bigger than expected but less systematic than it should be.

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  • Katherine Caves & Severin Baumann, 2018. "Getting there from here: A literature review of VET reform implementation," KOF Working papers 18-441, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
  • Handle: RePEc:kof:wpskof:18-441
    DOI: 10.3929/ethz-b-000257741

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Thomas Bolli & Maria Esther Egg & Ladina Rageth, 2017. "Meet the need – The role of vocational education and training for the youth labour market," KOF Working papers 17-429, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
    2. Thomas Bolli & Ursula Renold, 2017. "Comparative advantages of school and workplace environment in skill acquisition: Empirical evidence from a survey among professional tertiary education and training students in Switzerland," Evidence-based HRM: A Global Forum for Empirical Scholarship, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 5(1), pages 6-29, April.
    3. Werner Eichhorst & Núria Rodríguez-Planas & Ricarda Schmidl & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2015. "A Road Map to Vocational Education and Training in Industrialized Countries," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 68(2), pages 314-337, March.
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