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Determinants of FDI inflows into the Baltic countries: Empirical evidence from a gravity model

Author

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  • Svetlana Raudonen

    () (Tallinn School of Economics and Business Administration of Tallinn University of Technology)

  • Andreas Freytag

    () (School of Economics and Business Administration, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena)

Abstract

The article analyzes FDI inflows into Baltic countries using a gravity approach. The results of the empirical estimation allow us to explain how difference in corporate taxation between countries, geographical and cultural distance, institutions such as regulations and the size of the economy as well as its economic development affect FDI inflows into the Baltic countries. The influence of corporate taxation on FDI flows, expressed as corporate tax rate differences between investor and host countries is statistically significant. Larger geographical distance between the countries reduces FDI flows, and institutional variables such as the economic freedom index have significant impact and affect positively FDI into the Baltics. Finally, the size of economy, measured by GDP, impacts positively the FDI flows into Baltic countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Svetlana Raudonen & Andreas Freytag, 2012. "Determinants of FDI inflows into the Baltic countries: Empirical evidence from a gravity model," Jena Economic Research Papers 2012-060, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
  • Handle: RePEc:jrp:jrpwrp:2012-060
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. European Commission, 2010. "Taxation trends in the European Union: 2010 edition," Taxation trends 2010, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
    2. European Commission, 2013. "Taxation trends in the European Union: 2013 edition," Taxation trends 2013, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
    3. Agnès Bénassy-Quéré & Lionel Fontagné & Amina Lahrèche-Révil, 2005. "How Does FDI React to Corporate Taxation?," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 12(5), pages 583-603, September.
    4. Peter Egger & Simon Loretz & Michael Pfaffermayr & Hannes Winner, 2009. "Bilateral effective tax rates and foreign direct investment," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 16(6), pages 822-849, December.
    5. Swenson, Deborah L., 1994. "The impact of U.S. tax reform on foreign direct investment in the United States," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(2), pages 243-266, June.
    6. Christian Bellak & Markus Leibrecht, 2009. "Do low corporate income tax rates attract FDI? - Evidence from Central- and East European countries," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(21), pages 2691-2703.
    7. European Commission, 2009. "Taxation trends in the European Union: 2009 edition," Taxation trends 2009, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Bassem Kahouli & Anis Omri & Anissa Chaibi, 2014. "Environmental Regulations, Trade, and Foreign Direct Investment: Evidence from Gravity Equations," Working Papers 2014-189, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
    2. repec:eee:riibaf:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:353-364 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Toure Mamoudou & Cédric Achille Mbeng Mezui, 2017. "Working Paper 271 - Facteurs déterminants des IDE en Afrique," Working Paper Series 2388, African Development Bank.
    4. Kahouli, Bassem & Maktouf, Samir, 2015. "The determinants of FDI and the impact of the economic crisis on the implementation of RTAs: A static and dynamic gravity model," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 518-529.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    gravity model; foreign direct investments; corporate tax; Baltic countries;

    JEL classification:

    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue

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