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The interdependence between biodiversity and socioeconomic variables on a local level: evidence for german counties


  • Angela Münch

    (School of Economics and Business Administration, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena)

  • Wolfgang Völkl

    (Ökologische Planung)


This paper explores possible interdependence of biodiversity and several socioeconomic and political factors at the county level. It is aimed at the empirical identification of direct and indirect effects between biodiversity (loss) and their theoretical major impact factors. To date, research shows that in addition to geography, agriculture is one major determinant of biodiversity status. However, the impact of regional socioeconomic structures on biodiversity should not be underestimated. Specifically, in regard to biodiversity loss, the socioeconomic structure counteracts political measures instituted to protect biodiversity and change agricultural practice.

Suggested Citation

  • Angela Münch & Wolfgang Völkl, 2011. "The interdependence between biodiversity and socioeconomic variables on a local level: evidence for german counties," Jena Economics Research Papers 2011-007, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
  • Handle: RePEc:jrp:jrpwrp:2011-007

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Parkhurst, Gregory M. & Shogren, Jason F., 2007. "Spatial incentives to coordinate contiguous habitat," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 344-355, December.
    2. Wünscher, Tobias & Engel, Stefanie & Wunder, Sven, 2008. "Spatial targeting of payments for environmental services: A tool for boosting conservation benefits," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(4), pages 822-833, May.
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    More about this item


    biodiversity; socioeconomic interdependence; Bavaria; Thuringia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q57 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Ecological Economics
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns

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