IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/iza/izadps/dp8777.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Community Entrepreneurship in Deprived Neighbourhoods: Comparing UK Community Enterprises with US Community Development Corporations

Author

Listed:
  • Varady, David P.

    () (University of Cincinnati)

  • Kleinhans, Reinout

    () (Delft University of Technology)

  • van Ham, Maarten

    () (Delft University of Technology)

Abstract

Through a review of the recent American community development literature, this paper tests the assertion that British community enterprises (CEs) are fundamentally similar to American community development corporations (CDCs), and therefore, that CEs can learn from CDCs. In the context of the current austerity regimes, CEs and community entrepreneurship are increasingly considered as a means to continue small-scale urban regeneration, not only in the UK but also in several other European countries. While the CDC sector has achieved a relatively successful record in affordable housing production in distressed areas, CDCs are fundamentally limited in terms of reversing the processes of community decline. Our comparison of CDCs and CEs reveals similarities, but also differences with regard to organizational characteristics, co-operation on multiple scales, comprehensiveness, targeting and community participation. Apart from outlining lessons that CEs can learn from CDS, we provide recommendations for further research that should cover the lack of empirical evidence in this field.

Suggested Citation

  • Varady, David P. & Kleinhans, Reinout & van Ham, Maarten, 2015. "Community Entrepreneurship in Deprived Neighbourhoods: Comparing UK Community Enterprises with US Community Development Corporations," IZA Discussion Papers 8777, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8777
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://ftp.iza.org/dp8777.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ingmar van Meerkerk & Beitske Boonstra & Jurian Edelenbos, 2013. "Self-Organization in Urban Regeneration: A Two-Case Comparative Research," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(10), pages 1630-1652, October.
    2. Karen Beck Pooley, 2014. "Using Community Development Block Grant Dollars to Revitalize Neighborhoods: The Impact of Program Spending in Philadelphia," Housing Policy Debate, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(1), pages 172-191, January.
    3. Michael J. Rich, 2014. "Community Development Block Grants at 40: Time for a Makeover," Housing Policy Debate, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(1), pages 46-90, January.
    4. Rachel G. Bratt, 2008. "Nonprofit and forā€profit developers of subsidized rental housing: Comparative attributes and collaborative opportunities," Housing Policy Debate, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(2), pages 323-365, January.
    5. John Accordino & Fabrizio Fasulo, 2013. "Fusing Technical and Political Rationality in Community Development: A Prescriptive Model of Efficiency-Based Strategic Geographic Targeting," Housing Policy Debate, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(4), pages 615-642, October.
    6. Leah Brooks & Maxim Sinitsyn, 2014. "Where Does the Bucket Leak? Sending Money to the Poor via the Community Development Block Grant Program," Housing Policy Debate, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(1), pages 119-171, January.
    7. Raphael W. Bostic, 2014. "CDBG at 40: Opportunities and Obstacles," Housing Policy Debate, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(1), pages 297-302, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Michele Bianchi, 2019. "Renewing the City through Public Participation and Cultural Activities. The Case Study of Gillet Square, a Community-Led Urban Regeneration Project," Journal of Entrepreneurial and Organizational Diversity, European Research Institute on Cooperative and Social Enterprises, vol. 8(1), pages 1-21.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    community development corporations; community enterprises; neighborhood revitalization; entrepreneurship; regeneration; United States; United Kingdom;

    JEL classification:

    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • L31 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Nonprofit Institutions; NGOs; Social Entrepreneurship
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8777. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Holger Hinte). General contact details of provider: http://www.iza.org .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.