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Jobless Growth through Creative Destruction: Ireland’s Industrial Development Path 1972–2003


  • Li, Qi

    () (University College Dublin)

  • Walsh, Patrick Paul

    () (University College Dublin)

  • Whelan, Ciara

    () (University College Dublin)


We document the nature of structural changes in employment to understand “jobless” growth in Irish Manufacturing in the aftermath of EEC/EU membership, 1972-2003. By 1972, forty years of protectionism and fifteen years of export promotion induced the coexistence of large exporting plants with import competing plants within 4-digit industries. During trade liberalisation we document persistent horizontal waves of creative destruction, a decline in traditional import competing plants and an expansion in exporting plants, within each sector. This coexisted with rapid vertical waves of creative destruction in small non-exporting plants which supported exporting growth through forward vertical linkages within each sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Li, Qi & Walsh, Patrick Paul & Whelan, Ciara, 2007. "Jobless Growth through Creative Destruction: Ireland’s Industrial Development Path 1972–2003," IZA Discussion Papers 3211, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3211

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Qi Li & Patrick Paul Walsh, 2009. "The Firm Size Distribution in a Small Open Economy: Theory and Evidence," Working Papers 200920, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.

    More about this item


    manufacturing employment; structural change; trade liberalisation;

    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General

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