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A Life Course Approach to Understanding Neighbourhood Effects

Author

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  • de Vuijst, Elise

    () (Delft University of Technology)

  • van Ham, Maarten

    () (Delft University of Technology)

  • Kleinhans, Reinout

    () (Delft University of Technology)

Abstract

Many theories on so-called neighbourhood effects – effects of the residential context on individual outcomes such as employment, education, and health – implicitly, or explicitly suggest lagged effects, duration effects, or for example, intergenerational effects of neighbourhoods. However, these temporal dimensions of neighbourhood effects receive only limited attention in the empirical literature, largely because of a lack of suitable data. The increasing availability of geo-coded, longitudinal, individual-level data now leads to more research which takes these temporal dimensions and time effects into account. This paper argues that it is time for an overarching framework to better understand the temporal dimension of neighbourhood effects. We propose a conceptual model that uses the life course approach as a framework to integrate the various elements of time in current neighbourhood effects theories. The life course approach emboldens the study of full individual life course biographies over time, taking into consideration multiple parallel life careers (such as education, household, housing, work, and leisure) and their relative importance to individual outcomes. A large advantage of the life course approach to neighbourhood effects is that it does not only allow us to incorporate residential neighbourhoods into individual biographies, but also allows us to study the effects of (and interactions with) other social and spatial contexts on individual outcomes.

Suggested Citation

  • de Vuijst, Elise & van Ham, Maarten & Kleinhans, Reinout, 2016. "A Life Course Approach to Understanding Neighbourhood Effects," IZA Discussion Papers 10276, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10276
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. de Vuijst, Elise & van Ham, Maarten & Kleinhans, Reinout, 2015. "The Moderating Effect of Higher Education on Intergenerational Spatial Inequality," IZA Discussion Papers 9557, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Sako Musterd & George Galster & Roger Andersson, 2012. "Temporal Dimensions and Measurement of Neighbourhood Effects," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 44(3), pages 605-627, March.
    3. William A V Clark & Youqin Huang, 2003. "The Life Course and Residential Mobility in British Housing Markets," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 35(2), pages 323-339, February.
    4. van Ham, Maarten & Tammaru, Tiit, 2016. "New Perspectives on Ethnic Segregation over Time and Space: A Domains Approach," IZA Discussion Papers 9663, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Maarten van Ham & David Manley, 2012. "Neighbourhood Effects Research at a Crossroads: Ten Challenges for Future Research," RatSWD Working Papers 204, German Data Forum (RatSWD).
    6. Peteke Feijten & Pieter Hooimeijer & Clara H. Mulder, 2008. "Residential Experience and Residential Environment Choice over the Life-course," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 45(1), pages 141-162, January.
    7. Silke Aisenbrey & Anette E. Fasang, 2010. "New Life for Old Ideas: The "Second Wave" of Sequence Analysis Bringing the "Course" Back Into the Life Course," Sociological Methods & Research, , vol. 38(3), pages 420-462, February.
    8. Tiit Tammaru & Maarten Ham, 2016. "New Perspectives on Ethnic Segregation over Time and Space: A Domains Approach," Working Papers id:9352, eSocialSciences.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jaap Nieuwenhuis & Tiit Tammaru & Maarten van Ham & Lina Hedman & David Manley, 2020. "Does segregation reduce socio-spatial mobility? Evidence from four European countries with different inequality and segregation contexts," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 57(1), pages 176-197, January.
    2. de Vuijst, Elise & van Ham, Maarten, 2017. "Parents and Peers: Parental Neighbourhood- and School-Level Variation in Individual Neighbourhood Outcomes over Time," IZA Discussion Papers 10526, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    neighbourhood effects; neighbourhood histories; life course approach; temporal dimension; contextual effects;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • P46 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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