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Distribución De La Renta Y El Potencial De Calidad De Vida (Qlp) En España (1981-1999)

Author

Listed:
  • Francisco José Goerlich Gisbert

    (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas)

  • Rafael Pinilla Pallejà

    (Sanidad Exterior (Área de Sanidad de la Subdelegación del Gobierno de Valencia))

Abstract

The Quality Life Potential, QLP is a new well-being measure. The QLP combines income above social poverty line with life expectancy at any age according to the quality life function. The objective of this research is to show the feasibility and relevance of QLP estimation with available statistical data. Furthermore, the estimated QLP will be compared to some conventional income measures as the per capita GDP. The basic concepts of the quality life function will be presented. The QLP will be derived to a simple functional relation. The operative methodology to computing QLP will be specified and applied to Spanish available data from 1980 to 1999. The QLP construction methodology leads to elaborate a related family indicators: life potentials and quality incomes. These indicators allow us the analytic decomposition of QLP that explains the evolution along time. The analytic decomposition helps us to understand when and where the conventional income indicators could be a good estimator of social well-being and economic development. El Potencial de Calidad de Vida (Quality Life Potential, QLP) es una propuesta innovadora de medida de bienestar social que combina las rentas estimadas por encima de la línea de pobreza con esperanzas de vida a la edad actual a partir de una función de calidad de vida. El objetivo de este trabajo es mostrar la factibilidad y relevancia de estimar el QLP a partir de datos estadísticos disponibles. Se valorarán además las cualidades del QLP en comparación con otras medidas convencionales basadas exclusivamente en rentas como el PIB per cápita. Se presentan y definen los conceptos básicos de la función de calidad de vida, se deriva el QLP a partir de una relación funcional sencilla, se especifica la metodología operativa para el cálculo del QLP y se aplica a los datos disponibles para el conjunto de España y por Comunidades Autónomas de 1980 a 1999. En la construcción del QLP se elabora una familia de indicadores relacionados: potenciales de vida y rentas de calidad. Estos indicadores tienen la virtud de permitir una descomposición analítica del QLP que explica la evolución del mismo a lo largo del tiempo. La descomposición analítica es una ayuda para comprender en qué circunstancias los indicadores convencionales basados en rentas pueden comportarse como un buen indicador del bienestar social y el desarrollo económico.

Suggested Citation

  • Francisco José Goerlich Gisbert & Rafael Pinilla Pallejà, 2003. "Distribución De La Renta Y El Potencial De Calidad De Vida (Qlp) En España (1981-1999)," Working Papers. Serie EC 2003-03, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  • Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2003-03
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    File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasec/wpasec-2003-03.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Hagenaars, Aldi J M & van Praag, Bernard M S, 1985. "A Synthesis of Poverty Line Definitions," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 31(2), pages 139-154, June.
    2. Michael Hagerty & Robert Cummins & Abbott Ferriss & Kenneth Land & Alex Michalos & Mark Peterson & Andrew Sharpe & Joseph Sirgy & Joachim Vogel, 2001. "Quality of Life Indexes for National Policy: Review and Agenda for Research," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 55(1), pages 1-96, July.
    3. Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 2001. "The disturbing 'rise' of global income inequality," Economics Working Papers 616, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Apr 2002.
    4. Lars Osberg & Andrew Sharpe, 2010. "The Index of Economic Well-Being," Challenge, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(4), pages 25-42.
    5. J. Stiglitz, 1998. "More Instruments and Broader Goals: Moving toward the PostWashington Consensus," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 8.
    6. Jenkins, Stephen P & Cowell, Frank A, 1994. "Parametric Equivalence Scales and Scale Relativities," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 104(425), pages 891-900, July.
    7. Osberg, Lars & Sharpe, Andrew, 2002. "An Index of Economic Well-Being for Selected OECD Countries," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 48(3), pages 291-316, September.
    8. William D. Nordhaus, 2002. "The Health of Nations: The Contribution of Improved Health to Living Standards," NBER Working Papers 8818, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Calidad de vida; Esperanza de vida; bienestar; desigualdad; QLP; indicador Quality Life; Life expectancy; well-being; inequality; QLP; indicator;

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • J17 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Value of Life; Foregone Income
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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