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Base Erosion, Profit Shifting and Developing Countries

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  • Ernesto Crivelli
  • Ruud A. de Mooij
  • Mr. Michael Keen

Abstract

International corporate tax issues are prominent in public debate, notably with the G20-OECD project addressing Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (‘BEPS’). But while there is considerable empirical evidence for advanced countries on the cross-country fiscal externalities at the heart of these issues, there is almost none for developing countries. This paper uses panel data for 173 countries over 33 years to explore their magnitude and nature, focusing particularly on developing countries and applying a new method to distinguish between spillover effects through real decisions and through avoidance —and quantify the revenue impact of the latter. The results suggest that spillover effects on the tax base are if anything a greater concern for developing countries than for advanced—and a significant one.

Suggested Citation

  • Ernesto Crivelli & Ruud A. de Mooij & Mr. Michael Keen, 2015. "Base Erosion, Profit Shifting and Developing Countries," IMF Working Papers 2015/118, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:2015/118
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    WP; Corporate income tax; BEPS; tax avoidance; international taxation; spillover effect; tax haven; simple average; CIT base; rate spillover; profit shifting; competition literature; spillover equation; Average effective tax rate; Spillovers; Caribbean; Sub-Saharan Africa;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies

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