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Regulación, Cobertura y Competencia en el Mercado de la Banda Ancha

En los últimos años, se han desarrollado una variedad de tecnologías alternativas que han permitido cambiar las características tecnológicas del mercado de las telecomunicaciones disminuyendo costos de almacenamiento y procesamiento de información lo cual permite digitalizar muchos servicios de telecomunicaciones. Al igual que en el caso de la telefonía, el costo de proveer acceso de Banda Ancha es mayor en áreas geográfica de baja densidad poblacional. Frente a esto es económicamente eficiente cobrar precios mayores en las zonas más costosas que comúnmente suelen ser áreas rurales. Esto último resulta políticamente inviable dando origen a la tarificación uniforme y al esquema de subsidios cruzados. Por otra parte el tema del “acceso universal” ha cobrado gran de interés entre los reguladores de cada nación. Pero precisamente unos requerimientos de precios uniformes van en desmedro de una mayor cobertura geográfica. Este trabajo intenta evaluar la optimalidad de una política de precios totalmente uniformes, parcialmente uniformes y precios libres cuando el regulador tiene por objetivo metas de masificación o acceso universal en mercados geográficamente distintos que difieren en su densidad poblacional y en el cual existe la posibilidad de otorgar ventaja a una firma en su decisión de cobertura. La aplicación de un esquema de precios parcialmente uniformes unido a la ventaja estratégica en la elección de cobertura permite hallar un resultado de alcance o cobertura geográfica superior al de un esquema de precios totalmente uniformes en que se mantiene la secuencialidad de entrada de las firmas e incluso superior al que hallaría un regulador que fija ex-ante simultáneamente cobertura para que posteriormente las firmas compitan simultáneamente en cantidad.

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Paper provided by Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines in its series ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers with number inv177.

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Length: 55 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ila:ilades:inv177
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  1. Nachbar, John H & Petersen, Bruce C & Hwang, Inhak, 1998. "Sunk Costs, Accommodation, and the Welfare Effects of Entry," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(3), pages 317-32, September.
  2. Faulhaber, Gerald R & Hogendorn, Christiaan, 2000. "The Market Structure of Broadband Telecommunications," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(3), pages 305-29, September.
  3. Foros, Oystein & Kind, Hans Jarle, 2003. "The Broadband Access Market: Competition, Uniform Pricing and Geographical Coverage," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 215-35, May.
  4. Valletti, Tommaso M., 2000. "Introduction: Symposium on universal service obligation and competition," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 205-210, September.
  5. S. Baranzoni & P. Bianchi & L. Lambertini, 2000. "Market Structure," Working Papers 368, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  6. Valletti, Tommaso M & Hoernig, Steffen & Barros, Pedro P, 2002. "Universal Service and Entry: The Role of Uniform Pricing and Coverage Constraints," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 21(2), pages 169-90, March.
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