IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Insuficiencias de innovación

  • William Maloney
  • Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) Existe la idea corriente de que la baja productividad o un nivel bajo de crecimiento se deben a lo que cabría describir de `insuficiencia de innovación`, que usualmente se identifica como un nivel de inversión en investigación y desarrollo inferior al de algunos países altamente innovadores. La reacción usual a esta situación, que se percibe como un problema, es proponer una mayor inversión en investigación y desarrollo, por lo general, especificando una meta que puede llegar a ser de hasta tres por ciento del PIB. El problema de este análisis es que no toma en cuenta que un nivel bajo de inversión en investigación y desarrollo puede ser apropiado según el patrón de especialización de una economía dada, o puede simplemente ser una manifestación de problemas más generales que entorpezcan la acumulación de toda clase de capital. ¿Cuándo sufre un país las insuficiencias de innovación más allá de las que cabría esperar según sus patrones de especialización y acumulación? Ésta es la cuestión que se analiza en este trabajo. En primer lugar, se muestra una manera sencilla de calcular la brecha de investigación y desarrollo que cabe atribuir al patrón de especialización de un país, y se presenta el caso de Chile como ejemplo pertinente. El análisis demuestra que si bien la especialización de Chile en sectores con un uso intensivo de recursos naturales explica en parte la brecha en investigación y desarrollo, sigue habiendo una insuficiencia considerable. En segundo lugar, se muestra cómo se puede emplear un modelo calibrado para determinar la brecha de investigación y desarrollo que cabría esperar según la inversión de un país en capital físico y humano. Si la brecha real en investigación y desarrollo es mayor que la brecha anticipada, el país sufre de un verdadero déficit de innovación.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL: http://www.iadb.org/research/pub_hits.cfm?pub_id=WP-543&pub_file_name=pubWP-543.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4430.

as
in new window

Length:
Date of creation: Dec 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4430
Contact details of provider: Postal: 1300 New York Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20577
Phone: 202-623-1000
Web page: http://www.iadb.org/res
Email:


More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. Ricardo Caballero G. & Eduardo Engel G. & Alejandro Micco A., 2004. "Microeconomic Flexibility in Latin America," Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 7(2), pages 5-26, August.
  2. Psacharopoulos, George, 1993. "Returns to investment in education : a global update," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1067, The World Bank.
  3. James Heckman & Carmen Pages, 2003. "Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean," NBER Working Papers 10129, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Diego Comin, 2003. "R&D? A Small Contribution to Productivity Growth," Macroeconomics 0306007, EconWPA.
  5. Peter J. Klenow & Mark Bils, 2000. "Does Schooling Cause Growth?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(5), pages 1160-1183, December.
  6. Lam. D. & Schoeni, R.F., 1996. "Effects on Family Background on Earnings and Returns to Schooling: Evidence from Brazil," Papers 96-13, RAND - Reprint Series.
  7. Ronald Findlay, 1995. "Factor Proportions, Trade, and Growth," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262061759, June.
  8. Irwin, Douglas A & Klenow, Peter J, 1994. "Learning-by-Doing Spillovers in the Semiconductor Industry," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(6), pages 1200-1227, December.
  9. Rodriguez-Clare, Andres, 2007. "Clusters and comparative advantage: Implications for industrial policy," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(1), pages 43-57, January.
  10. Hall, Bronwyn & Van Reenen, John, 2000. "How effective are fiscal incentives for R&D? A review of the evidence," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(4-5), pages 449-469, April.
  11. Soledad Arellano & Matías Braun-Llona, 1999. "Rentabilidad de la Educación Formal en Chile," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 36(107), pages 685-724.
  12. Howitt, Peter & Mayer-Foulkes, David, 2005. "R&D, Implementation, and Stagnation: A Schumpeterian Theory of Convergence Clubs," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 37(1), pages 147-77, February.
  13. Robert J. Barro & Jong-Wha Lee, 2000. "International Data on Educational Attainment Updates and Implications," NBER Working Papers 7911, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Bronwyn H. Hall & John van Reenen, 1999. "How Effective are Fiscal Incentives for R&D? A New Review of the Evidence," NBER Working Papers 7098, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Parente, Stephen L & Prescott, Edward C, 1994. "Barriers to Technology Adoption and Development," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(2), pages 298-321, April.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4430. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Monica Bazan)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.