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Propiedad y desempeño de la banca

  • Alejandro Micco
  • Ugo Panizza
  • Mónica Yañez

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) Este trabajo estructura un nuevo conjunto de datos sobre la propiedad y el desempeño de la banca, abarcando aproximadamente 50. 000 observaciones en 119 países entre 1995 y 2002. Se emplea dicho conjunto de datos para reevaluar la relación entre la propiedad y el desempeño de la banca, generándose estimaciones por separado para países en desarrollo y países industrializados. Se halla que aunque la propiedad guarda una fuerte relación con el desempeño en los países en desarrollo, en los países industrializados esa propiedad no guarda relación con el desempeño. En especial, se sugiere que los bancos propiedad del Estado que funcionan en países en desarrollo tienden a exhibir una menor rentabilidad y costos mayores que sus contrapartes en el sector privado, y que lo contrario se verifica en el caso de los bancos de propiedad extranjera (los cuales tienden a caracterizarse por una mayor rentabilidad y costos menores). También hallamos que, en los países en desarrollo, la entrada de bancos foráneos desempeña un papel útil para hacer que los bancos del país aumenten su eficiencia en términos de costos operativos generales y de márgenes entre las tasas de interés, aunque no descubrimos ningún efecto sobre la rentabilidad de los bancos del país.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4382.

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Date of creation: Nov 2004
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4382
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