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Reacción de los hogares a las sacudidas adversas del ingreso en América Latina

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  • Alejandro Gaviria

Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) En este trabajo se emplea un nuevo conjunto de datos para analizar las respuestas de los hogares a las sacudidas adversas de los ingresos en siete países latinoamericanos. Los resultados demuestran que: (i) los hogares responden a las sacudidas del ingreso principalmente aumentando su participación en la fuerza laboral, vendiendo activos y recortando inversiones en su capital humano; (ii) las familias pobres son las que tienen más probabilidades de sufrir las repercusiones de las sacudidas del ingreso, y (iii) las familias de clase media baja tienen más probabilidades de recortar la inversión en el capital humano y mudarse al exterior al encarar una sacudida adversa del ingreso. Estos resultados, tomados en su conjunto, brindan una amplia justificación para la existencia de sistemas de seguridad social con fondos públicos dirigidas a los pobres.

Suggested Citation

  • Alejandro Gaviria, 2001. "Reacción de los hogares a las sacudidas adversas del ingreso en América Latina," Research Department Publications 4274, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4274
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    File URL: http://www.iadb.org/research/pub_hits.cfm?pub_id=WP-455&pub_file_name=pubWP-455.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Nora Lustig, 2000. "Crises and the Poor: Socially Responsible Macroeconomics," ECONOMIA JOURNAL, THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION - LACEA, vol. 0(Fall 2000), pages 1-30, August.
    2. Alejandro Gaviria Uribe, 2000. "¿Sobre quién ha recaído el peso de la crisis?," COYUNTURA SOCIAL 012962, FEDESARROLLO.
    3. Alejandro Gaviria & Carmen Pagés, 1999. "Patterns of Crime Victimization in Latin America," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1102, Inter-American Development Bank.
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