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Reacción de los hogares a las sacudidas adversas del ingreso en América Latina

  • Alejandro Gaviria

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) En este trabajo se emplea un nuevo conjunto de datos para analizar las respuestas de los hogares a las sacudidas adversas de los ingresos en siete países latinoamericanos. Los resultados demuestran que: (i) los hogares responden a las sacudidas del ingreso principalmente aumentando su participación en la fuerza laboral, vendiendo activos y recortando inversiones en su capital humano; (ii) las familias pobres son las que tienen más probabilidades de sufrir las repercusiones de las sacudidas del ingreso, y (iii) las familias de clase media baja tienen más probabilidades de recortar la inversión en el capital humano y mudarse al exterior al encarar una sacudida adversa del ingreso. Estos resultados, tomados en su conjunto, brindan una amplia justificación para la existencia de sistemas de seguridad social con fondos públicos dirigidas a los pobres.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4274.

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Date of creation: Jul 2001
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4274
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Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

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  1. Nora Lustig, 2000. "Crisis and the Poor: Socially Responsible Macroeconomics," JOURNAL OF LACEA ECONOMIA, LACEA - LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION.
  2. Alejandro Gaviria & Carmen Pagés-Serra, 1999. "Patterns of Crime Victimization in Latin America," Research Department Publications 4186, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
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