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El ahorro en Chile: ¿Qué salió bien?

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  • Felipe G. Morandé

Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) Algunos analistas consideran a China como la única economía latinoamericana que se puede describir como bien encaminada o en desarrollo. En cierto sentido, el perdurable éxito de Chile y su comprobado aislamiento del efecto tequila se deben a su elevado nivel de ahorro interno. ¿A qué se debe que el nivel de ahorro en Chile sea tan elevado? ¿Qué políticas claves se han aplicado? ¿Tienen algo que ver las reformas estructurales y la apertura de finales de los años 70 y los 80? Se procura desenredar empíricamente algunos de los rompecabezas con datos históricos que cubran el período de 1960 a 1995.

Suggested Citation

  • Felipe G. Morandé, 1996. "El ahorro en Chile: ¿Qué salió bien?," Research Department Publications 4031, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4031
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Corbo, Vittorio & Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus, 1991. "Public policies and saving in developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 89-115, July.
    2. Carroll, Christopher D. & Weil, David N., 1994. "Saving and growth: a reinterpretation," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 133-192, June.
    3. Peter C. B. Phillips & Mico Loretan, 1991. "Estimating Long-run Economic Equilibria," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(3), pages 407-436.
    4. Sebastian Edwards, 1995. "Why are Saving Rates so Different Across Countries?: An International Comparative Analysis," NBER Working Papers 5097, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus & Serven, Luis & Solimano, Andres, 1996. "Saving and Investment: Paradigms, Puzzles, Policies," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 11(1), pages 87-117, February.
    6. Maddison, Angus, 1992. " A Long-Run Perspective on Saving," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 94(2), pages 181-196.
    7. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1981. "Credit Rationing in Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(3), pages 393-410, June.
    8. Corsetti, Giancarlo & Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus, 1995. "Pension reform and growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1471, The World Bank.
    9. Schmidt-Hebbel, K. & Serven, L., 1997. "Saving Across the World: Puzzles and Policies," World Bank - Discussion Papers 354, World Bank.
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