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Simulationsrechnungen zum Ausmaß der Nicht-Inanspruchnahme von Leistungen der Grundsicherung : Studie im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums für Arbeit und Soziales zur Abgrenzung und Struktur von Referenzgruppen für die Ermittlung von Regelbedarfen auf Basis der Einkommens- und Verbrauchsstichprobe 2008

Author

Listed:
  • Bruckmeier, Kerstin

    () (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

  • Pauser, Johannes

    () (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

  • Walwei, Ulrich

    () (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

  • Wiemers, Jürgen

    () (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

Abstract

"In 2010, the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht) declared the level of social assistance according to the Second and Twelfth Book of the Social Code (SGB II and SGB XII) in its form at that time as non-constitutional. In response to the verdict the 'Regelbedarfs-Ermittlungsgesetz' (RBEG) was adopted. In the political discussion of the RBEG the question remained whether in determining the level of social assistance, households can be excluded from the calculations that do not claim social assistance despite being entitled. Such households are often described by the term 'hidden poor'. The Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales) commissioned the IAB to identify hidden poor households on the basis of empirical models. In addition, the study should investigate how the exclusion of the hidden poor affects the composition of the reference groups which are the basis for determining the level of social assistance. The extent of hidden poverty was examined by using a microsimulation model developed by the IAB. The data base for the model comes from the German Income and Expenditure Survey (Einkommens- und Verbrauchsstichprobe) of 2008. The simulated non-take-up rates range from 34 % to 43 %. These rates are on the lower end of the results reported in the literature on hidden poverty, but the simulation results nevertheless suggest that non-take-up exists to a considerable extent, even after the implementation of a major social policy reform (Hartz IV reform) in 2005. The level of social assistance is determined by the reference households' level of consumption. The exclusion of the hidden poor - using otherwise unchanged calculation rules of the RBEG - leads to an increase in the newly defined reference groups' average consumption spending of roughly 2 % in single-person households and about 5 % in couple households with one child. The IAB was further mandated to investigate the effects of excluding the hidden poor on the composition of reference groups using a sequence of calculation which differs from the one currently specified in the RBEG. The alternative sequence of calculation implies a reversal of the common procedure. Low-income households are selected before households - those receiving social assistance and also the hidden poor - are excluded. As a result of this alternative sequence of calculation, the exclusion of the hidden poor does not result in an increase in average consumption in single-person households. In couple households, compared to the currently applied order of calculation, the alternative sequence of calculation results in a considerably smaller increase in average consumption of 2 %." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Suggested Citation

  • Bruckmeier, Kerstin & Pauser, Johannes & Walwei, Ulrich & Wiemers, Jürgen, 2013. "Simulationsrechnungen zum Ausmaß der Nicht-Inanspruchnahme von Leistungen der Grundsicherung : Studie im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums für Arbeit und Soziales zur Abgrenzung und Struktur von Referenz," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201305, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  • Handle: RePEc:iab:iabfob:201305
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    File URL: http://doku.iab.de/forschungsbericht/2013/fb0513.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hecht, Veronika & Hohmeyer, Katrin & Litzel, Nicole & Moritz, Michael & Müller, Jo-Ann & Phan thi Hong, Van & Schäffler, Johannes, 2013. "Motive, Strukturen und Auswirkungen deutscher Direktinvestitionen in Tschechien : erste Untersuchungsergebnisse aus dem IAB-Projekt ReLOC - Research on Locational and Organisational Change," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201301, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    2. Hohmeyer, Katrin & Kopf, Eva & Fiebig, Mareike & Grüttner, Michael, 2012. "Pflegetätigkeiten von Personen in Haushalten mit Arbeitslosengeld-II-Bezug : eine deskriptive Betrachtung," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201210, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    3. Wolff, Joachim & Moczall, Andreas, 2012. "Übergänge von Alg-II-Beziehern in die erste Sanktion : Frauen werden nur selten sanktioniert," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201211, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    4. Hecht, Veronika & Litzel, Nicole & Schäffler, Johannes, 2013. "The ReLOC project : method report for implementing a cross-border company survey in Germany and the Czech Republic," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201304, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    5. Sowa, Frank & Klemm, Matthias & Freier, Carolin, 2012. "'Ein-Euro-Jobs' in Deutschland : qualitative Fallstudien zur Auswirkung der SGB-II-Arbeitsgelegenheiten auf Beschäftigungsstruktur und Arbeitsmarktverhalten von Organisationen," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201215, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    6. Stumpf, Felix & Damelang, Andreas & Schulz, Florian, 2012. "Die berufliche Strukturierung der frühen Erwerbsphase : Ereignisanalysen zur Beschäftigungsstabilität," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201212, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    7. Werner, Daniel & Ramos Lobato, Philipp & Dietz, Martin, 2012. "Evaluation der Sonderregelung für kurzfristig Beschäftigte in der Arbeitslosenversicherung," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201209, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
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    Cited by:

    1. Herber, Stefanie P. & Kalinowski, Michael, 2016. "Non-take-up of Student Financial Aid: A Microsimulation for Germany," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145727, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    2. Stefanie P. Herber & Michael Kalinowski, 2016. "Non-Take-Up of Student Financial Aid: A Microsimulation for Germany," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 844, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    3. Herber, Stefanie P. & Kalinowski, Michael, 2016. "Non-take-up of student financial aid: A microsimulation for Germany," BERG Working Paper Series 109, Bamberg University, Bamberg Economic Research Group.

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