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Promoting Access to Intellectual Property: Patent Pools, Copyright Collectives and Clearinghouses


  • Aoki, Reiko
  • Schiff, Aaron


This paper reviews and compares patent pools, intellectual property clearinghouses and copyright collectives as systems for promoting efficient access to licensable intellectual property in a 'market for technology' (Arora et al, 2001). These systems promote downstream use of innovations by economizing on search and transaction costs in licensing, as well as potentially mitigating the conditions that lead to the 'tragedy of the anti-commons' and other coordination problems in multilateral licensing. We compare and classify different systems in terms of their features, review some existing systems, and discuss their economic characteristics.

Suggested Citation

  • Aoki, Reiko & Schiff, Aaron, 2007. "Promoting Access to Intellectual Property: Patent Pools, Copyright Collectives and Clearinghouses," PIE/CIS Discussion Paper 334, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:piecis:334
    Note: REVISED, 28 September 2007

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    Cited by:

    1. Aoki, Reiko & Schiff, Aaron, 2010. "Intellectual property clearinghouses: The effects of reduced transaction costs in licensing," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 218-227, July.
    2. Christian Handke, 2014. "Collective administration," Chapters,in: Handbook on the Economics of Copyright, chapter 11, pages 179-204 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Nancy Gallini, 2011. "Private agreements for coordinating patent rights: the case of patent pools," ECONOMIA E POLITICA INDUSTRIALE, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2011(3), pages 5-30.
    4. Gallini, Nancy, 2014. "Cooperating with competitors: Patent pooling and choice of a new standard," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 4-21.
    5. Varios Autores, 2016. "Vínculo Entre Comercio Internacional Y Derechos Laborales, Capítulos Laborales En Los Tlc Suscritos Por Ee.Uu Con Colombia Y Con Perú," Books, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Facultad de Derecho, number 844, spring.
    6. Gallini, Nancy, 2015. "Promoting Competition by Coordinating Prices: When Rivals Share Intellectual Property," Economics working papers nancy_gallini-2015-22, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 07 Dec 2015.
    7. Pavol Minárik, 2012. "Copyright a právo na překlad: ekonomická analýza
      [Copyright and the Right to Translation: An Economic Analysis]
      ," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2012(1), pages 101-112.
    8. Pénin, Julien, 2012. "Strategic uses of patents in markets for technology: A story of fabless firms, brokers and trolls," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 84(2), pages 633-641.


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