Voter Turnout in Direct Democracy: Theory and Evidence
We analyse voter turnout as a function of referendum types. An advisory referendum produces advice that a legislature may or may not take into account when choosing between two alternatives, whereas a binding referendum generates a decisive decision. In theory, voter turnout should be higher under binding than advisory referendums, higher in small than large electorates and higher in close than less close referendums. These predictions are corroborated by evidence from 230 local referendums in Norway. For example, a shift from an advisory to a semi-binding referendum leads to an average increase in voter turnout by 11.5 percentage points.
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- Ledyard, John O. & Palfrey, Thomas R., 2000.
"The Approximation of Efficient Public Good Mechanisms by Simple Voting Schemes,"
1092, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.
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Game Theory and Information
9405003, EconWPA, revised 22 May 1994.
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- Guillermo Owen & Bernard Grofman, 1984. "To vote or not to vote: The paradox of nonvoting," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 42(3), pages 311-325, January.
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